The Inclusive Classroom: The Teacher's Response and a Student's Right

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An inclusive classroom allows all students to be engaging in the learning process regardless of strengths or weaknesses. "Inclusion is really about school change to improve the education system for all students." (Grenot-Scheyer et al. 1). Including special education student in general education classes has sparked much debate over many years as laws have been developed to ensure that special needs children are given the same opportunities as all other children.


Special needs students were place in special educational institutions separate from other students before 1970. Federal support of inclusion started in 1958 when Public Law 85-926 allowed the use of funding to prepare personnel at universities and researcher who would then train personnel to work with special needs children. Before this law, "Burke (1976) indicated. Only 40 colleges and universities reported coursework in mental retardation." (Kleinhammer-Tramill and Fiore 218). Although Public Law 85-926 allowed funding for personnel, other Public Laws were passed to expand the purpose of the funding. For example, Public Law 87-276 in 1961 allowed for the training of teachers for deaf children. Only two years later, Public Law 88-164 included training for personnel to work with children with many other special needs. These needs included children with mental retardation, emotional disturbances, deafness, and hearing, speech, visual, and health impairments. This law also created the Division of Handicapped Children and Youth. Congress passed Public Law 94-142 in 1975, which created the Handicapped Children Act allowing education for all children regardless of needs. ...
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