StudentShare solutions
Triangle menu
  • Home
  • Subjects
  • Law
  • Left Realist Criminology: A New Theoretical Perspective

Left Realist Criminology: A New Theoretical Perspective - Essay Example

Nobody downloaded yet

Extract of sample
Left Realist Criminology: A New Theoretical Perspective

Rather it suggests that it is within the core institutions of society (its relationships of class and of gender) and its central values (such as competitive individualism and aggressive masculinity) that crime arises.
Crime is not a product of abnormality but of the normal workings of the social order. Secondly, it is realistic in that it attempts to be faithful to the reality of crime. This involves several tasks: realistically appraising the problem of crime, deconstructing crime into its fundamental components (the square of crime), critically examining the nature of causality, being realistic about the possibilities of intervention and, above all, fully understanding the changing social terrain in which we now live. The particular political space in which left realism emerged was in the mid-1980s. The juxtaposition was with the emergence of conservative (neo-liberal') governments in many Western countries which pursued an overtly punishment-oriented approach to crime control.
At that time a liberal/ social democratic opposition was on the defensive. The neoliberals actively pointed to the rise in the crime rate and entered vigorously into law and order campaigns on behalf of the silent majority', holding offenders responsible for their actions and advocating punishment as the solution. The New Left position, which had its origins in the libertarianism of the 1960s, tended to resemble a mirror image of the right. That is, it denied or downplayed the level of crime, portrayed the offender as victim of the system, and stressed a multiculturalism of diversity and struggle where radicalism entailed the defence of the community against the incursions of the state, particularly the police and the criminal justice system. What was necessary was a criminology which could navigate between these two currents: which took crime seriously but which was radical in its analysis and policy. (Muncie, 2003, 144-163)
These theoretical developments, originating from the mid 1970s, however, took place against the political backdrop of a resurgence in popular law and order politics and authoritarianism. In the UK and the United States the rhetoric of a resurgent radical Right revived a neo-classical vision of criminality as voluntaristic a course of action willingly chosen by calculating individuals, lacking in self-control and with a potential for communal contamination and moral degeneracy. New realist' theorists of the Right disengaged from existing criminological agendas whether they be positivist or critical by claiming that crime emanates from rationally calculating individuals who are insufficiently deterred from the actions by a criminal justice system deemed to be chaotic and ineffective or lacking in just deserts'. Both remind us of the potency and endurance of classicist and neo-classicist formulations of the crime problem'. The key concern is with developing efficient means of control rather than with questions of causality. Against a backdrop of perennially growing official statistics of crime and the presumption of increases in a rational public fear, ...Show more


A school of criminology which emerged initially in Britain in the early 1980s as a response both to the punitive and exclusionary policies of conservatism and to the utopianism of New Left criminologies. Distinctive Features Left realist criminology, as its name implies, is radical in its criminology and realistic in its appraisal of crime and its causes…
Author : jovanifranecki
Left Realist Criminology: A New Theoretical Perspective essay example
Read Text Preview
Save Your Time for More Important Things
Let us write or edit the essay on your topic
"Left Realist Criminology: A New Theoretical Perspective"
with a personal 20% discount.
Grab the best paper

Check these samples - they also fit your topic

Realist Theories
One such definition of crime that subsumes a wide range of theoretical perspectives could be seen from Clarke and Cornish (1985) assertion that "...crime is purposive behavior designed to meet the offender's commonplace needs for such things as money, status, sex, excitement, and that meeting these needs involves the making of decisions and choices, constrained as they are by limits of time and ability and the availability of relevant information." Thus, from this perspective, offenders are believed to make decisions that appear rational (at least to themselves) to engage in specific criminal acts.
5 pages (1250 words) Essay
The Realist Criminology
Both considers 'social inequality' to be the main bone of contention behind increasing crime rates and this is no doubt true on a global context as well as in Britain. Over the years, increasing rate of crime has proven many theoretical forms and philosophies to which the present-day society has given birth to 'aggression' between the individual man and everyone else, thereby producing a social war in which everyone is taking part irrespective of social structure of class and economic system.
10 pages (2500 words) Essay
Left Realism Theory
Left Realism theory emerged with the work of Lea and Young in 1984. Elements of Left Realism include the square of crime, relative deprivation and principle of specificity. These elements are also major strengths of this theory. Left Realism's weakness is that it fails to explain why some relatively deprived people turn to crime, whereas others don't.
2 pages (500 words) Essay
Does left realist criminology develop a new theoretical perspective
It is radical in that crime is seen as an endemic product of the class and patriarchal nature of advanced industrial society. (Clarke, 1980, 136-47) It is not a cosmetic criminology of an establishment
16 pages (4000 words) Essay
Discuss social ineguality as a context for crime and criminalisation in the work of maxist and left realist criminologists
left realism’ and ‘Marxism’, it is clear that all the approaches possess the same roots of political consequences generated from social inequality and class system. Both considers ‘social inequality’ to be the main bone of contention behind increasing crime rates and
10 pages (2500 words) Essay
In what ways has social inequality been regarded as a context for crime in the work Marxist and Left Realist criminologits
Young who developed this ideology also has a generic theory explaining the recent growth in crime. He states that the lateness in modernity is making the crimes worse in various ways. (Young, 1986) The Marxists criminologists believe in a concept which stipulates
8 pages (2000 words) Essay
Humanitarian Intervention: A Realist Perspective
In the post-Cold War international system, humanitarian intervention has become a key issue of deliberation, and perhaps poses the greatest challenge to the norms of international society.
4 pages (1000 words) Essay
New Perspective
In addition, I would like to do that change of religious affiliation to better understand that religion which when taken to extreme, led people to commit atrocity or the self-sacrifice of getting one’s self just to serve a religious purpose. Perhaps the most
2 pages (500 words) Essay
Unit 3 Theoretical Criminology Anomie Theory
is that unlike many theorists, Merton argues that various groups take part in criminal behavior as they are responding to the various social circumstances in their lives. Merton notes that deviance and crime are mainly as a result of imbalance seen in the social order whereby
2 pages (500 words) Essay
Theoretical Perspective Paper
The interpretive research practice helps in ensuring that people perform their duty better, and this leads to a view of the interpretation nature by use of the qualitative approach presentation. This further
3 pages (750 words) Essay
Hire a pro to write
a paper under your requirements!
Win a special DISCOUNT!
Put in your e-mail and click the button with your lucky finger
Your email
Comments (0)
Click to create a comment
Contact Us