Juvenile Recidivism in the United States - Essay Example
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This research tells that the examination of juvenile crime and procedures has hitherto focused on the flows of the justice processes and the psychology of minor criminals. This has shown that juveniles tend to re-offend within four years of their earlier offense and when the arrests were caused by drug issues, the likelihood of being arrested again increased up to 70%. Research has supported this finding of re-arrest among juveniles statistically, however, the literature review above has pointed out that such data is mainly limited to first arrests through January 2005 and does not take into account the arrests for different offenses occurring when the criminal was in custody. Research also shows that re-arrest rates vary in different boroughs and there is also a higher rate of juvenile offending among males as compared to females. Imprisoning young offenders in adult prisons also appears to be compounding the problem of juvenile recidivism. Juveniles are apprehended for serious crimes such as murder, aggravated assault, robbery and rape as well as less serious offenses such as violation of drug laws, lewd acts or copulation. The rationale offered for a commission of such crimes is their association with adult male prisoners. Since they are raped by adult criminals during their initial prison terms, these juveniles seek to wreak vengeance by committing sex crimes after their release from prison. The Sentencing Guidelines Commission of Washington, in an annual report on recidivism, suggests that juveniles experience pleasure while committing crimes, which is why they repeat them. A major part of a juvenile criminal activity in centered within sexual acts such as rape, sodomy, etc, suggesting that the pleasure in the sexual act is the motivating factor. The comforts such as food and shelter offered at prisons also function as an impediment to the deterrent value of the prisons, hence it may be necessary to consider improving the punitive atmosphere and beefing up the punitive aspect of existing prison programs.
This paper illustrates factor of the increasingly high rates of juvenile recidivism in the United States. The key finding in this study is that prison programs do not appear to be working or achieving success in terms of reducing recidivism in young offenders…
This paper conducts a qualitative review on all current research work related to on transfer laws and its effects (general and specific) on deterring recidivism, special focusing on recently conducted experiments on specific deterrence programmes funded by Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention.
Juvenile recidivism is a serious problem in the United States. On an annual basis, roughly 2.4 million juveniles are charged with criminal offences every year (Wilson, 2011: Online). As per some conservative estimates, roughly 55 percent or more of juvenile offenders who are released get rearrested within a year (Wilson, 2011: Online).
Summing, the drug courts in US is an innovative step towards a society which is free from the clutches of harmful drugs. In a modern society, public safety and health is crucial for future growth, development and effective human resource management.
There are lots of correction programs exist in United States to correct the deviant behaviour of the juveniles. However many people believe that these programs are not fully successful in preventing juveniles from repeating their criminal activities. This paper explains various juvenile delinquency programs existing in America, the effectiveness of these programs and recommendations for further improvement of these programs.
Within the time period of twenty years, the new changes have extended to the whole of United States regarding the judicial settlement and adoption of procedures for the Juveniles who have cases in criminal dealings and other heinous crimes. The old patterns of Juvenile justice in United States, major changes in the system and impact of international laws and United States criminal justice system on the Juvenile justice of U.S are discussed below: Traditional ways for Juvenile justice As the shifting of population from the rural areas to urban areas were taking place in the beginning of 19th century, the idea of treating the young children when committing the crime was building.
criminality in the case of young offenders is to a great extent dependant on the identification of causal factors that make a young offender to continue with crime or to relinquish criminal behavior (Savitz et al., 1962). Most of the researches carried on with young offenders
The data samples are compiled of figures from the online databases of the Bureau of Justice Statistics, Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention, and the National Criminal Justice Reference Service. In conclusion, the results of the
In 1909, Judge Julian Mack suggested a review of the American law, arguing that juveniles should be treated like children under the rule of parents. Macks suggestions triggered the revolution and a review of the law on the basis of
This research answers the following research questions: Does parenting and socioeconomic status affect recidivism rates among juveniles? What are the prevalence, causes, and kinds of crimes of recidivating youth? What are the treatment programs, including court decisions, for recidivating youth and how do they affect juvenile recidivism?
10 pages (2500 words)Research Paper
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