In the Republic Plato discusses the good life, in reaching harmony through pure reason and justice. The centre in his social settings are to find a real republic in way that everybody could live the perfect life for him. In this book Plato explains how to create this Republic in using the dialogues of his mentor Socrates. With his book Plato also explains how to draw an analogy of the operation that a society is as a whole society and the life of an individual in that very same society. Book IV Plato explains through Socrates the guardians the ruling class as we know them. From that perspective and this angle this essay is going to discuss this theory. As we can read in the book The Republic Plato sees them as the ruling class. He explains it as: " And the higher the duties of the guardian, I said, the more time, and skill, and art, and application will be needed by him?" Further in the book he explains more of the skills, should he be brave? Or fight well? Slowly Plato comes to what the guardian must be in describing it as
follows:" And is he likely to be brave who has no spirit, whether horse or dog or any other animal? Have you never observed how invincible and unconquerable is spirit and how the presence of it makes the soul of any creature to be absolutely fearless and indomitable?""I have." "Then now we have a clear notion of the bodily qualities which are required in the guardian." Of course having the bodily qualities Plato also searches for the spiritual guardian. A great spirit and a gentle personality.
an offspring of those who presently held the similar positions of honor and class
(pg. 120-12). As the most valuable, the Gold class they should act as Gold class.
Is Plato not expecting to much In doing so he suggest a test for the guardians
in where those who succeed: " And he who at every age, as boy and youth and in
mature life, has come out of the trial victorious and pure, shall be appointed
a ruler and guardian of the State; he shall be honored in life and death, and shall
receive sepulture and other memorials of honor, the greatest that we have to give.
But him who fails, we must reject. I am inclined to think that this is the sort of
way in which our rulers and guardians should be chosen and appointed. I speak
generally, and not with any pretension to exactness." He continues in the book:
"And perhaps the word guardian' in the fullest sense ought to be applied to this
higher class only who preserve us against foreign enemies and maintain peace
among our citizens at home, that the one may not have the will, or the others the
power, to harm us. The young men whom we before called guardians may be
more properly designated auxiliaries and supporters of the principles of the
rulers." Important in the book is Book VII where Plato describes the analogy
of the Cave related to his metaphor of the sun and the analogy of the divided
line. Significant are the these two passages from Book VII in where we read
what happens to the prisoner in freedom after being caved and not experiencing
the outside world. Not being exposed blinds them and makes the world small.
They forget the outside world and this is how Plato explains it: " And now look
again, and see what will naturally