Frankenstein by Mary Shelly is the bright example of a gothic novel. The style of novel has always been controversial: “Critics originally tried to assimilate Mary Shelley's novel to patterns already familiar from romantic poetry” (Fisch and Mellor 89). The innovations made by the author made critics doubt about the style of the writing. However, the novel is still full of the elements of gothic style novel. In the given paper we will consider the gothic novel, its main categories and prove that Mary Shelley’s novel Frankenstein can be accurately categorized as a Gothic novel because it includes many of the components that a gothic novel should include.
The main elements of a gothic novel
“There has been at least a mild debate about how "Gothic" Frankenstein is” (Hogle 178). Analyzing Frankenstein, some critics state that the novel is disturbing as it is full of passion, fear and sorrow. The question is: “when gothic horror became a recognized literary genre in the eighteens century, what ill effects did critic associate with it and why did they do so?” (Cooper 4). Gothic novel represents writing, where the stress is made on the great suffering of the main hero caused by a villain; furthermore the sufferings are usually thoroughly described by the author. The atmosphere of the Gothic novel is mysterious, often with elements of fantasy. The setting is dark and awakens horror and the feeling of inevitability with reader. The weather is usually dark and rainy that creates the needed atmosphere that is why it is usually described carefully in the gothic novel. All the events presented to the reader are full of horror that is dome deliberately to awaken fear.
The fantasy in Frankenstein “The gothic posses a dangerous challenge to claims about the eighteens century enlightenment” (Cooper 29). Moreover, the superfluous descriptions of monster’s cruelty testify about the novel’s belonging to gothic style. “I want to argue that Frankenstein "registers traces of the [earlier] Gothic" that go very "deep" indeed” (Hogle 178). Fantastic is one of the central categories and in the gothic novel it is first of all connected with the common task of the ethical and fictional mastering of the Middle East; it actually acquires the new meaning and new functions, becomes the element of the outlook and comprehension of reality. “Frankenstein turns out to be one major apogee of the Gothic's development from the Walpolean ghosts of older ghosts to the ghost-like representation and sequestering of the abject”( Hogle 179). English gothic novel impacted the subsequent epoch of English romanticism, the tradition of “gothic” fantasy was clearly reflected in the writing of Mary Shelly. The importance of settings If the topic we raise is the bellowing of the novel to the gothic style, it is essential to analyze setting that was used in the story. Gothic setting has always been a background of a gothic novel. “Since the first gothic novels appeared in the eighteenth century the gothic has been no trial for creating unsetting realities” (Cooper 25). It was used by Bram Stoker to create his Dracula. The author of Dracula preferred to apply gothic imagery that was also used by Mary Shelly. Simultaneously in this relation the