Globalisation of Markets
Levitt’s research relies on secondary data, observation and statistical evidence pertaining to the globalisation of markets via technological innovation and the emergence of global products. He does not define his research strategy, nor does he clearly specify his data sources. This, however, does not detract from the value of his study as what emerges is a highly valuable and well-articulated explanation of an emergent market phenomenon.
Levitt concludes that the world has become flat and that corporate entities must tailor their marketing strategies for greater consistency with this new reality. As he contends, the flattening of the world/globalisation, has led to the evolution of the global consumer, with the implication being that consumer preferences are no longer determined by geography and culture. In addition, emergent technologies have transformed economic realities in such a way that national borders are increasingly porous, thereby facilitating the transnational flow of goods and services. It is contingent upon companies to address the new reality, as accurately described and defined by Levitt, if they are to remain competitive within the parameters of a globalised economy while, at the same time, exploit the economic potentials of this reality.
Levitt’s article, as may have been deduced from the preceding, emerges as a definitive introduction to globalisation and its impact on international business operations. Levitt provides a precise and concise definition and discussion of this new reality, alongside a prescript for business and marketing strategies therein.