Diplomacy may be given a goal of reaching an agreement with a nation that will not agree to the terms set forth by our policy. This is the position that America finds itself in today. The Bush administration has drawn some very clear lines against some very real enemies. Diplomacy has been ineffective due to the conflicting nature of negotiation and the Bush administration's policy of standing pat in a rapidly changing world.
Bush's foreign policy has been based on, and in response to, the events of 9/11. That terrorist action changed the way America viewed the rest of the world as well as its own vulnerabilities. It required a reshaping of policy to fulfill the requirement that foreign policy has of keeping the population safe and secure. It called for a swift and immediate overhaul of government agencies such as the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) and the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) to minimize the possibility of future attacks. It called for a rapid response against the perpetrators to assure the public that everything was being done that could. These first few steps, however admirable, were more designed for national public politics than affecting foreign policy. In the ensuing months, almost every foreign policy decision made has been to support the war on terrorism or to promote the policy on an internal political basis.
In the September 17In the September 17, 2002 National Security Strategy paper George Bush stated that the United States would, "... exercise our right of self-defense by acting preemptively against such terrorists, to prevent them from doing harm against our people and our country; and denying further sponsorship, support, and sanctuary to terrorists by convincing or compelling states to accept their sovereign responsibilities" (Bush, 2). This declaration, initiated in a Strategic Planning Paper authored by Dick Cheney and Paul Wolfowitz 10 years earlier, signaled a dramatic shift in policy. The policy had shifted from national defense to national offense. It authorized the pre-emptive attack on any nation that may be harboring terrorists or aiding them in any fashion. Though the motivation may have been honorable, the strategy was at best untenable in today's world of elusive terrorists that are able to cross borders and manage funds by concealed accounts. He closed the document by saying, "Today, the distinction between domestic and foreign affairs is diminishing. The characteristics we most cherish-our freedom, our cities, our systems of movement, and modern life-are vulnerable to terrorism" (Bush, 5). Clearly he was crafting a policy that called for war on anyone, anywhere, that threatened his perception of our modern way of life.
Much of his foreign policy has been geared toward the enemies that threaten to end the American way of life. He has promoted and advocated for liberalized trade around the globe in an effort to de-politicize the economic systems of the world. He has pushed for free markets and privatization as a means to place democracy in the market place. At stake is our American concept of freedom and the right to human dignity for all men.
When Walter Lippman penned these words almost a century ago, Europe was on the march to the first Great War in Europe. America was working to stay uninvolved amidst the challenges of a changing world. Diplomacy and foreign policy are no more or any less challenging in today's world…
The foreign policy of U.S.A has undergone drastic changes during the presidency of George W. Bush and these changes owe much to the ‘doctrine of George W. Bush’. The essay is an attempt to read the Bush Doctrine and its impact on the foreign policy of America.
standing in the world1 The 9/11 world trade centre attack by Bin laden and his allies made immense changes in the foreign policies of Untied States. President George Bush made drastic changes in America’s foreign policies and claimed that these changes in foreign policies are essential to safeguard the interests and security of the American public.
Therefore, freedom can influence the American policies, by enabling the country to intervene in other countries where freedom of the people is in jeopardy. This often leads to US-led military action against dictatorial governments across the world, if diplomacy fails to guarantee the masses of their freedom.
However this does not appear to be the case. There appears to be similarities between the Bush Doctrine and the policies of the Obama administration which only serve to indicate a new manifestation of neoconservativeness disclosure evident in Obama’s foreign Policies.
Ultimately the war is Iraq is a complex situation that contains countless unforeseen ramifications. The outcome will however help redefine the relationship between realists and idealists in the United States. For the "American dream", a clear lose would be devastating and an evaluation of democracy as America sees it would be in order.
The author states that if the issue is of great importance to the public and there is a common consensus as to how the problem may be resolved between a majority of the public and policy makers, policy makers are likely to be facilitated in their foreign policy aims. The most recent example of this is the US incursion into Iraq in 2003.
es for a certain group or person and the establishment of enabling environment; or the lack of lived situations of coercion, for example political coercion in the United States society. Whereas political liberty is usually misunderstood to mean the liberty from irrational
These theories include idealism, realism, Marxism, functionalism, dependency and critical theory (Crawford 10). These theories provide an avenue for the analysis of the international policies created by the authority under certain circumstances.
irst visit to Europe as US president was accompanied by criticism following rejection of the Kyoto Protocol that seeks to reduce emission of carbon dioxide hence avoiding global warming. The rejection was based on claims that the Kyoto Protocol would reduce industrial
4 pages (1000 words)Essay
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