Human Rights, Law and Police Ethics in Ireland and India

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The purpose of this Paper is to carry out a comparative analysis of securing human rights through Law and their protection through the Police Force in the Republic of Ireland and the Republic of India. India is compared to Ireland in these respects because there is a good amount of similarities between these countries and also a great deal of differences between them.


And they have organised this close similarity in their belief and adherence to democratic values into operational institutions of democratic practice such as the legislature, the executive and the judiciary, each deriving its power and authority from the constitutions that the people, in their respective constituent assemblies, have given to themselves. A unanimous opinion of scholarly commentators is that both the constitutions provide for the 'rule of law'.
"... every official, from the Prime Minister down to a constable or a collector of taxes, is under the same responsibility for every act done without legal justification as any other citizen and all subordinates, though carrying out the commands of their official superiors, are as responsible for any act which the law does not authorise as is any private and unofficial person." (A V Dicey, Law of the Constitution,: MacMillan, London, 9th ed., 1950, p.194).
An American interpretation of the Rule of Law equates it with the separation of powers between the three branches of government. Thus in exposing the theme the popular internet encyclopaedia Wikipedia, says:
"In American law, the most famous exposition of the same principle (of Rule of Law) was drafted by John ...
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