Hemingway underlines that futility of his existence and life struggle are closely connected with personal values of people. "Everything about him was old except his eyes and they were the same color as the sea and were cheerful and undefeated' (Hemingway 10). Pride is the main quality which helps Santiago to struggle with life and come to grips with changes occurred in his community. His courage and bravery proved the idea that only in difficult situations people show their real nature and courage. Using the theme of pride, Hemingway depicts the man in opposition to fate. Social context helps to understand resistance of the main character to accept novelty. In The Old man and the Sea people struggle with life similar to Santiago who could not catch a fish during eighty-four days and become the laughingstock. In spite of his old age, pride helps Santiago to continue his battle with nature and sea.
Pride becomes a tragic force for Santiago when he thinks he can conquer the sharks and the sea. Santiago says: "It is good that we do not have to try to kill the sun or the moon or the stars. It is enough to live on the sea and kill our true brothers" (Hemingway 75). This defeat shows that life struggle is the essence of life for Santiago.