I noticed that the problem statement was quite implicit, or not stated directly in this paper, which is why I used the verb "would" and put in parenthesis the word "elder" as this was not stated directly, too. But since this is an article in a journal publication, it is understood that non-detailed information that are established clearly are an accepted norm.
The Purpose of the research was clearly defined in this paper. In fact, besides the already stated Problem Statement which I have supposed as the problem and the purpose in one, there is a presented secondary purpose which was "to sensitize health care professionals and other caregivers to the chronic wound experience."
The Literature Review defined and detailed "phenomenological" research as well as presented at least 13 related studies on ulcer wounds, both qualitative and quantitative in approach. There is the 2000 study of Langemo, Melland, Hanson, Olson and Hunter on eight persons with pressure ulcer, Charles (1995) study of four subjects with chronic venous leg ulcers, Walshe's 1995 study of 13 participants with venous ulcers, Chase et al's 2000 study of 21 subjects with chronic venous leg ulcer, Pieper, Szczepaniak and Templin's 2000 investigation on psy-chosocial adjustment, coping, and quality of life in persons with venous ulcers from intravenous drug abuse of undisclosed number of participants or subjects, Flanagan, Rotchell, Fletcher, and Schofield's 2001 study on a focus group of health caregivers and professionals, Krasner's 1997-98 investigation on painful venous ulcers of eight participants, Chase et al's 1997 study of seven persons with venous leg ulcers, Neil's 2000 investigation using Stigma Scale, a 24-item instrument of 150 subjects with chronic wound or serious skin problem, Neil and Munja's 2000 interview of 10 participants with chronic wounds, Ribu and Wahl's 2004 study of persons with chronic wounds, Orsted, Campbell, Keast, Coutts, and Sterling's 2001 in-depth study of several people with chronic wounds, and Hodges, Keeley, and Grier's 2001 investigation on the experience of chronic illness in older adults.
Most of the mentioned studies' previous findings were all present in the