StudentShare solutions
Triangle menu

Situated Learning and Social Learning - Essay Example

Not dowloaded yet

Extract of sample
Situated Learning and Social Learning

He realizes that learning is more effective when done in a group, especially when the learner gets hand-on experience. In the classroom, the student is made to learn abstract things which he may not relate to real life. . The student is presented with cold, uninspiring facts packaged in glossy books, beautiful classrooms and scientific rules. The result is, the student no longer enjoys the poetry he reads nor does any value learning take place from the other classes he attends, except dry jargon and clichs. Jean Lave and Etienne Wenger, in their book, "Situated Learning : Legitimate Peripheral Participation," make a strong case for Situated learning with its emphasis on the contextual setting and .social interaction.
While people learn things easily and faster under the conditions of legitimate peripheral participation (LPP), it has some major drawbacks such as the model exerting subtle influence on the learners, so that they learn socially unacceptable behaviour like aggression .
According to Lave and Wenger. Legitimate peripheral participation (LPP) occurs when the learner begins to move from the periphery of the community to its center. Social interaction is of paramount importance in situated learning, with learners becoming involved in "community practice". Situated learning, according to the authors, is mostly unintentional, as opposed to deliberate learning. We see examples of situated learning in the case of pre-schoolers, who learn to recite nursery rhymes or tell stories, seeing their peers do the same .Situated learning happens when a visitor to a country learns its language entirely by interacting with the local people.
Situated learning has other proponents such as Brown, Collins and Duguid (1989) who propose the idea of "cognitive apprenticeship". According to Schoenfeld, mathematical problem solving is also a form of situated learning. As all mathematics teachers know, when the students are encouraged to think of mathematics is everyday life context, they learn better and the mathematical problems are solved faster. Children seem to understand mathematics better when they relate it to real life situations and solve it in a group.(Schoenfeld)
A requirement of situated learning is that knowledge should be presented in situations where the knowledge would apply. For instance, in a lesson on friction in physics, the learner would understand the concept better when he or she is made to experience the friction between a nut and bolt when they are not oiled, and when they are oiled.
An apprentice nurse would learn how to lift the patient better by doing it in the hospital than by reading about it in the classroom. Similarly, an apprentice mechanic learns how to repair your car by hands on experience A visitor in France would quickly learn French as well as the typical gestures of the French people. Situated learning happens when a child learns its mother tongue easily. The same child finds it difficult to learn a foreign language at school .
According to William P. Hanks, situated learning "takes as its focus the relationship between learning and the social situation in which it ...Show more

Summary

Learning happens better when the learner is in the situation of learning. Practical knowledge is gained by one's own experience as well as by vicarious experience. Learning also happens through modeling and self efficacy, and modeling may have adverse effects.Social learning has implications for developing learning processes at the individual, as well as organizational levels.
Author : jastdaren
Situated Learning and Social Learning essay example
Read Text Preview
Save Your Time for More Important Things
Let us write or edit the essay on your topic
"Situated Learning and Social Learning"
with a personal 20% discount.
Grab the best paper

Related Essays

Learning, Training and Development
This research aims to evaluate and present individual, team and organizational learning that form a systemic framework vital to creation of a high performing organization. This organization commonly referred to as learning organization engages in continuous training, learning and development hence is able to adapt effectively to any internal or external environment.
12 pages (3000 words) Essay
Social learning theory by Albert Bandura
Emphasis normally laid on the change of behavior because of acquisition of concepts related to social learning theories. Leaning activities would be significantly a laborious activity, and hazardous, in case individuals were to rely on their own effects caused by the actions they engage in the course of performing their duties.
14 pages (3500 words) Essay
Social Learning Theory
The overall argument by the department is based on the assumption that if children are constantly exposed to more abusive environment and behaviors, they may tend to acquire or develop such learning and become abusive and destructive citizens when they become adults.
5 pages (1250 words) Essay
Learning Journal
Diversity in employment is based on the principals of equal employment opportunities to everybody irrespective of inherent differences such as gender, race, religion, age, ethnicity as well as physical disabilities (Sappey et al, 2006). I understand that businesses and companies are being encouraged to adopt more inclusive approaches in their employment strategies so as to accommodate everybody and help do away with the negative effects of discrimination and marginalization of certain groups and individuals.
11 pages (2750 words) Essay
Social Learning
For example, by sampling novel foods and learning to avoid noxious food types, a cosmopolitan species like the rat can acquire an appropriate diet in a wide range of environments. Mechanisms of phenotypic plasticity may also have fitness costs. By sampling novel foods, the rat incurs risks that could be avoided by an animal with rigid genetically specified food preferences (Wright, 1995).
18 pages (4500 words) Essay
Learning
Gagne' defined learning as, "a change in human disposition or capability that persist over a period of time and is not simply ascribable to processes of growth" (qtd. from kehoe 1999). Learning could also be defined as the process of acquiring knowledge, skills, attitudes, or values, through study, experience, or teaching, that causes a change of behaviour that is persistent, measurable, and specified or allows an individual to formulate a new mental construct or revise a prior mental construct (conceptual knowledge such as attitudes or values)(learning 2005).
12 pages (3000 words) Essay
Workplace Learning
Coombs, P.H. (1985) notes that what has to be taken into cognisance though is the fact that although workplace sites have proved to be conducive areas for learning, the proportions to which the personnel are exposed to the very particulate opportunities of learning, together with the dynamics of these, vary significantly.
12 pages (3000 words) Essay
Learning Processes Paper
ng, systematically sequenced, and externally engineered learning activities Information and situations, permits learning and this facilitates consideration of what is to be learnt (the process) and what are the results from that (the outcome). Learning is a process of
4 pages (1000 words) Essay
Learning and development
The old adage, “Be a Roman in Rome”, has acquired new meaning in the context of new theories of learning. It is easy to be a Roman in Rome by learning Italian and imitating
3 pages (750 words) Essay
Learning Journal
At age 18 I moved to the United Kingdom from Lithuania. I found immediate work in a cake factory, and while it was labor-intensive and challenging, I worked hard and by the time I left three years later held a supervisory
14 pages (3500 words) Essay
Get a custom paper written
by a pro under your requirements!
Win a special DISCOUNT!
Put in your e-mail and click the button with your lucky finger
Your email
YOUR PRIZE:
Apply my DISCOUNT
Comments (0)
Rate this paper:
Thank you! Your comment has been sent and will be posted after moderation