Writing short passages are essential, these are permanent records, preplanned, and arranged systematically. Writers should be aware of the audience and the purpose of writing, as different texts contain particular structures (the way it is organized and its contents or elements
Concept of register in writing: Our knowledge of register, a variety of language fitting a particular context, tells us the difference in context the language fits. A particular genre draws on the linguistic resources of the appropriate register or a register helps us to clarify the relationship between individuals, and identifies the tone of the communication both in writing and speaking..
Major genre groups are Narrative/story genres are (recounts, anecdote, new story, biography/autobiography, myth legend, fable, etc.) transactional genres (service/goods transaction, written, consultation, interview, and others) procedural genres instructions, directions, recipe, process explanation, etc.), factual genres(description, report, explanation, etc.), persuasive genres (argument, advertisement/feature article, discussion, appraisal/evaluation)
IN TESOL a mistake is a specific case where a known rule is broken by a native speaker. Whereas, an error is a regular and systematic occurrence which indicate that a particular rule is not known or available for use. For making the learner error free in punctuations, structure, and grammar, TESOL teachers should keep conventional tools handy, and experiment with more conclusive strategies.
pedagogic aspects (form, function, concept, likely error etc) of the verb phrase in English including:
o modal verbs (for obligation, permission, deduction, ability etc)
Model verbs are a complex area of English, and different modals can have similar meanings (e.g must and have to) or different meanings (eg. You must study and that must be nice). Modals are auxiliary verbs, such as should, must, can, etc., that indicate speaker's attitude towards rest of the sentence. The auxiliary verb may express certainty, probability, or possibility, and usually have a present and past form.
Modal verbs and their forms in the past, namely will, must, should, may might, could are used to express obligations, permission, deduction, ability, etc.
o future tenses
Future tense, with different forms, are used to express what is intended for the future, and a particular future form may express different concepts in different situations. Future forms include: will + infinitive, going to + infinitive, present continuous, present simple, future perfect, and future continuous
o hypothetical forms (conditionals etc)
Using simple, present, simple past, past simple or past perfect form of the verb in a sentence indicate a hypothetical