Newly Established Nations in World Wars

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The establishment of new nations that were colonies during the Imperial Period is closely connected with politics and international relations dominated during the first half of the XX century. The world's fate hinged on the outcome of this massive effort to meet the Axis threat of world conquest and restore balance of power.


At the beginning of the XX century, Asian and African countries were occupied and controlled by European states and the USA. For instance, British Empire controlled population of 458 million people. Belgium had only one colony, the Belgian Congo, but its territory was 76 times larger than Belgium. Germany, France, the USA and Russia controlled countries Asian and African continent. For these colonies World War I opened the door to a revolution in world politics in which several perspectives on international relations competed for attention in the period of intellectual ferment (King 23). Speaking about the establishment of the new states, historians speak about policy of countries involved in a conflict. For instance, German aggression was fueled by Pan-Slavic policy provided in Sarajevo. Usually, the common sense of war concerns the questions of national safety, and usually accepted and accomplished not on the basis of choice, but on the bases of force connected with the bureaucratic system. The main consequence of the WWI was new division of power and new world order. ...
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