In 1943, Abraham Maslow established a hierarchy of goals that is now one of the basic fundamentals in social or community health care. Maslow claimed that needs of man is arranged in a hierarchy based on prepotency, and that the emergence of a need lies on the prior satisfaction of another, more important need (Maslow, 1943).
The third need wold be the need for love and belongingness, followed by that of self-esteem and ego (Simmons, Irwin, & Drinnien, 1987). Last in this hierarchy described by Maslow would be self-actualization, which is only achieved after all the previous needs have been met.
The need for security and safety hence comes around when the physiological needs are met to a certain degree. At this point, Maslow describes man as a safety-seeking mechanism, whose outlook in life and the world, both for the present and the future, is greatly influenced by this prominent need (Maslow, 1943, p.375).
Given that the physiological needs have been met, the need for safety and security of a person in his own community is vital for an individual to then fulfill his love and belonging needs. Thus, when there is violence in a community, and a person is not confident of his own safety, then the actualization of the higher needs is hindered.
Violence in a community especially that among youths can be lessened by implementing community health interventions that aims to reduce the prevalence of its causes such as alcoholism, drug addiction, the availability of guns, poverty, lack of proper education, and the list goes on. If these interventions are successful in their goals, an individual can then focus on achieving needs of love and belonging, as other needs tend to become non-existent as long as a prevailing need is not met (Maslow, 1943).
Violence in the Community
Violence has been prevalent since probably the beginning of time and has presented a big part in the history of the world. Every year, more than a million people die violence-related deaths, and a lot more endure physical, emotional, sexual, and psychological injuries from self-inflicted, interpersonal, and collective violence (Krug et al., 2002).
Violence is "the intentional use of physical force or power, threatened or actual, against oneself, another person, or against a group or community, that either results in or has a high likelihood of resulting in injury, death, psychological harm, maldevelopment, or deprivation" as defined by the World Health Organization (Krug et al., 2002). The term intentional suggests that a person committing the act of violence is knowingly carries out this act and is conscious of the results of the act.
There are many forms of violence. The World Health Organization has subdivided violence into three typologies: self-directed violence, interpersonal violence, and collective violence (Krug et al., 2002). However, for the purpose of this paper, focus will be given to the typology of interpersonal violence, which is defined by WHO as "violence between individuals, that is subdivided into family and intimate partner violence and community violence. The former category includes child maltreatment; intimate partner violence; and elder abuse, while the latter is broken down into acquaintance and stranger violence and includes youth violence; assault by strangers; violence related to property crimes; and violence in workplaces and other institutions." (Krug et al., 2002)
Although the crime rate in America has already decreased over the past decades, the rates remain significantly high (Berman, Silverman, & Kurtines, 2000). In a study conducted by Berman, Silverman, and Kurtines, it has been revealed that in the children between first and second grade have already either been victims of violence (21%) or have been ...
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(Violence in Community Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 Words)
“Violence in Community Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.net/miscellaneous/278500-violence-in-community.
Violence causes deaths of more than 1 million individuals every year in the world. It has also been confirmed that it leads to disabilities and other consequences if not death within communities. Some of these consequences may be psychological economic or even social.
Community violence is a common problem in the public health in United States. Research reveals that children are more prevalent to community violence than other members of society. The exposure to community violence significantly contributes to both mortality and morbidity in adolescents.
Most gang members are pulled into the world of violence because of a number of flaws in the system. Basic essentials are denied to the youth and his concept of being caught in the same cycle as his parents frightens him into choosing any path available to escape it.
For starters, all parents must ensure that the teachings at home. Instead of allowing the child to play out on the streets all day, create an atmosphere of comfort at home. The parents should familiarize themselves with the technology and life of the average child today so that the relationship between them remains strong and healthy.
The origin of violence is a controversial subject. The classical view that is given by the genetic school of violence is that humans have natural penchant for violence with a natural drive to and instinct that is similar in strength to the need for food, water and sex.
No one can deny the complications and problems that are faced by women after undergoing any kind of violence whether it is physical violence or psychological violence. This paper takes into consideration the issue of violence against women showing statistical information
home and their finances are becoming victim of the physical, psychological and emotional abuse at the hands of the people who are assigned to take care of them. Abuse of the people who are old and unable to take care of themselves can be
The disappointing thing is that the elder people are not only being mistreated by the professional caregivers but also by their own close relatives.
There are different types of violence towards elderly people like