Some researchers have maintained that in the society, the percentage of cutters and percentage of individuals with eating disorders are similar. Compared with non-mutilators, self-mutilating teenagers were significantly more likely to have an eating disorder, and about 61% of the self-injurers may report current or past eating disorders. In a study of 2525 Australian teenagers Patton et al. (1997) found psychiatric comorbidity to be the clearest factor associated with extreme dieting with 62% of extreme dieters reporting high levels of both anxiety and depression.
With the literature demonstrating evident relationships between these three disorders, namely, cutting behaviour, eating disorders, and alcohol and drug abuse, it appears these are comorbid conditions which originate early on life. If the parameters of these conditions and their interrelationships can be elucidated through the literature, this would enhance knowledge about these conditions. This enhanced knowledge can be then used in the school programmes directed to the teenagers, where the counsellors and teachers can make use of this information through specially designed training programmes for support in dealing with these issues in their students.
The aim of the study is to explore the comorbidity of three classes of self-harm within teenagers: cutting behavior, eating disorders, and alcohol and/or drug abuse. As a result of the study, develop a training program for school counselors and teachers to utilize for support in dealing with these issues.
Identify the relationship between cutting behaviour, eating disorders and alcohol/drug abuse.
Increase awareness and understanding between the relationship between cutting behaviour, eating disorders and alcohol/drug abuse.
Develop an innovative training program with the aim of improving client outcomes.
Evaluate the effectiveness of school counselors as a method of support to those who self harm and have eating disorders.
Review of Literature
Methodology is important to fill in the intellectual vacuum that may be associated with a research question, and therefore, there is a need to pinpoint the context of a research within the existing knowledge base. Since there is a considerable body of existing literature depicting the studies in several areas of science and practice, while performing a literature review, it is pertinent and important to perform the review in a systematic
Cutting behaviour is self-mutilating, and this is a type of self-harm behaviour. This is known to occur among a subgroup of individuals with eating disorders. From a clinical perspective, SHB among those with eating disorders has been associated with early histories of abuse, dissociation, multi-impulsivity, personality disorder, and borderline personality disorders (Sansone & Levitt, 2002)…
Every year, more than 120,000 Americans lose their lives due to alcohol and drugs. The government is forced to allocate more than $294 billion every year in its budget for preventable health care, law enforcement, road accidents, various crimes and loss of output in the economy.
Generally, abuse of drugs such as alcohol, tobacco and marijuana has remained dominant among the teens but prescription drug abuse has rapidly increased over the last couple of years. Abuse of prescription drugs such as barbiturates, is continuously becoming popular among US teenagers living in today’s fast paced world according to Henn and DeEugenio (11). Prescription drugs though recommended by the doctor may have an effect on the mind and body of the individual.
Individuals with a history of alcoholism or alcohol abuse in the family are also more prone to encounter alcohol-related difficulties (Freeman, 2001). It has been known already that family members of an alcohol abuser are more prone to experience problems from alcohol abuse.
The researcher claims that drugs produce changes in a teenager’s body that causes one’s body to desire the drug again to get the feeling, a process known as addiction; which is the hurdle that counsellors have to overcome. The main cause of concern is that parents believe its okay for their children to take alcohol.
Not only are teenagers abusing illegal drugs, but they are also misusing prescription drugs that have been given to them or to friends or family members by a medical professional. Studies show that one out of every nine teenagers abuses prescription medications (Brisher, 2012) while a staggering 25% have used illicit drugs in the past year (Brisher).
Name Course Course Instructor Date Drug and Alcohol abuse in Teenagers Introduction Undeniably, drugs and alcohol use in teenagers is major problem among American youths today. Many students continue to loose their lives, discontinue their education, and become social misfits in our society.
Undeniably, drugs and alcohol use in teenagers is major problem among American youths today. Many students continue to loose their lives, discontinue their education, and become social misfits in our society.The government continue to spend millions of dollars to offer health services to victims of alcohol and drug abuse
4 pages (1000 words)Research Paper
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