Hemophilia Disease

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Hemophilia is an X-linked hereditary disorder. The disease is characterized by spontaneous or injury-related bleeding. Hemophilia comes in two types, A and B. Both types are the result of gene defects. Hemophilia A is a deficiency of factor VIII occurring in 1 in 10,000 people while Hemophilia B is a deficiency of factor IX occurring in 1 in 40,000.

Introduction


The oral condition of the human being is characterized by episodes of tooth loss and damage of the gums which leads to bleeding. Keeping the gums and the teeth healthy usually requires procedures that are invasive ( prone to injury). One can just imagine the gravity of the situation to people with hemophilia. That is why one can find numerous studies and researches about the
People with hemophilia or congenital bleeding tendencies are a priority group for dental and oral health care, since bleeding after dental treatment may cause severe or even fatal complications. Maintenance of a healthy mouth and prevention of dental problems is of great importance, not only to quality of life and nutrition but also to avoid the dangers of surgery. .
Plaque accumulation causes inflammation of the gums (gingivitis) due to the action of bacteria. This may progress to the damage of the attachment of the teeth to the jawbone (periodontal membrane) resulting to inflammation and damage to this membrane (chronic periodontitis). Ultimately, this leads to the loosening of a tooth and then tooth loss. With the plaque allowed to calcify, tartar develops above and/or below the gum-line making further accretion of plaque result to Fig 2. The Parts of A Tooth
Gingivitis is painless but leads to the ...
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