StudentShare solutions
Triangle menu

The Great Migration, Cause and Effect - Essay Example

Not dowloaded yet

Extract of sample
The Great Migration, Cause and Effect

The first great wave of migration began during the period of World War I. The manufacture of war supplies had demanded increased production while the draft, and disruption of immigration, left the factories short of much needed labor. As the pool of labor dwindled, companies began to look elsewhere for workers to fill the positions. The southern African-American population made up a substantial resource for unskilled workers and northern companies made extraordinary efforts to recruit them. Companies sent agents to the South and offered the African-Americans high paying jobs, transportation north, and housing arrangements upon arrival at their new location (Crew). The economic and social climate in the South during this period made the offers too good to resist and set off the first great wave of migration.
The opportunity for greater wealth was a powerful motivation for the migration during the war. Blacks were leaving behind the rural life they knew to seek a new destiny. Many were leaving behind their families, wives, and children with the hope of creating a better future, and the opportunity for more money did not disappoint them. While most laborers in the South were earning little more than $2,00 per week, a letter published in 1919 explains to his friends back home, "Never pay less than $3.00 per day [...] Remember this is the very lowest wages. Piece work men can make from $6 to $8 per day " ("Don[']t Have to Mister"). Spurred by these tales of high pay, people left behind their social ties and the only way of life they knew with the promise of one day sending for those they left behind. If money had been the only factor, their decision to leave might have been more difficult, but there were other considerations in the South.
The social and political climate in the South made the African-Americans even more eager to leave their rural way of life. The constitutional amendments passed after the Civil War that were to protect the rights of blacks were largely ignored in the South. Local laws, hostile prejudice, and Jim Crow laws left them vulnerable to violence, imprisonment, and death. The economics of sharecropping had also taken its toll on the farm workers. Bad crops, low prices, and unpredictable weather had left most of them in debt to the white landowners (Crew). By 1910, emancipation had a hollow meaning and the living condition of the former slaves were no better than they had been 50 years earlier. Migrating north offered them an escape from the ever-present oppression and the economic means to finally carve out their own identity.
It is estimated that by 1919, the number of Blacks that had migrated north numbered near 1 million. Most settled in the industrial cities such as Chicago, Detroit, Washington DC, and Pittsburgh. Many of the new arrivals found the promise of better pay and human dignity a reality and were pleasantly surprised to find that the letters they read from people who had migrated before them had been accurate about the opportunities for work. They also enjoyed a new sense of identity, in a new place with attitudes more sensitive to their condition. In a letter dated 1917, a worker in Philadelphia expresses the simple joy of even the most modest ...Show more

Summary

The first half of the 20th century was marked by a radical shift in the geographical location of America's African-American population. This massive relocation began its roots at the turn of the 20th century and came to be known as the Great Migration. African Americans migrated not only to escape the hostile conditions of the South, but also to seek higher pay, better conditions, and a new identity…
Author : xzavier66
The Great Migration, Cause and Effect essay example
Read Text Preview
Save Your Time for More Important Things
Let us write or edit the essay on your topic
"The Great Migration, Cause and Effect"
with a personal 20% discount.
Grab the best paper

Related Essays

Cause and Effect
On the other hand, there are those who believe that actually lowering the drinking age to 16 would reduce drinking, as teenagers would be given more autonomy in controlling their drinking habits. Some believe that bars corrupt the minds of the youth and bring down the standards of civil society.
3 pages (750 words) Essay
Cause and Effect
According to Hobson and Boll (2004), poverty basically refers to the state of living - a very low standard of life, living on less than a dollar or two per day. It is reported that almost every country, developed or underdeveloped, experiences some degree of poverty at some time.
3 pages (750 words) Essay
International Migration and development
This sudden change of heart falls in the face of widespread scepticism on the subject thereby generating remarkable research and discussion. The association between the remittance flows and income distribution has gained credence over the years as the amount of revenue remitted to developing countries increases.
10 pages (2500 words) Essay
Cause and effect
He was driving his car in an intoxicated state above the speed limits of the road. He was caught by the police while breaking the law and ended up in jail. My friend went to a party with his colleagues in a club. While enjoying the party, he did not realize and consumed excessive alcohol.
1 pages (250 words) Essay
Cause and Effect
Cause is what makes something happen; effect is what happens because of the cause. Nearly all of the science work and nature’s studies occur in pair of cause and effect. “If you prove the cause, you at once prove the effect; and conversely nothing can exist without its cause.”(Aristotle and Great Books of the Western World, 1952).Global warming is also cause and effect subject.
1 pages (250 words) Essay
Critical analysis of the Urbanisation (cause-effect fram work)
The importance of clean water and sanitation for health was accepted in the United Kingdom as early as the nineteenth century (Colgrove, 2002: 725). Investing in improvements to people’s health and their environment is recognized as a central aspect of
7 pages (1750 words) Essay
Cause/Effect
Parties agree that there is a need for equal sharing of the profits realized by the enterprises and endeavors that the employees participate in.However, there are times when they fail to meet eye to eye in terms of what
4 pages (1000 words) Essay
Cause/Effect
It is intriguing to learn that fifty five percent of people who use text messages can exchange up to fifty messages on a daily basis, thus they prefer texting to voice calls (Gahran, 1).
2 pages (500 words) Essay
Cause & Effect ( poverty )
Poverty has many definitions and a poor person may be said to be someone who cannot satisfy his or her necessary needs such as food and shelter
2 pages (500 words) Essay
Cause & Effect
Perhaps the propensity to revolutions and religious extremism that has rocked the Middle East for years has left more damage than the benefits it has brought (The
1 pages (250 words) Essay
Get a custom paper written
by a pro under your requirements!
Win a special DISCOUNT!
Put in your e-mail and click the button with your lucky finger
Your email
YOUR PRIZE:
Apply my DISCOUNT
Comments (0)
Rate this paper:
Thank you! Your comment has been sent and will be posted after moderation