The judgment of effecting punishment as an alternative approach to reform prison inmates does not entirely help them become non-violent members of the society.
Gilligan emphasizes on an overwhelming weight of empirical evidence that punishment in prison is the most potent stimulus or cause of violence contrary to the widespread belief to its adherence. With the current condition of our state prisons where inmates are crammed into tiny prison cells and brutal solitary confinements allows more room for violence in order to protect oneself from the onslaught of further invasion of privacy. Typical hatred of inmates is shown on our retributive type of justice when Bedau cited that "it is applied randomly at best and discriminatorily at worst upon those whose offenders who are people of color, poor and uneducated". Brutal punishments and solitary confinements imparts to the inmates that human life does not deserve an iota of respect thus punishment is legitimate. He further added "that threat of severe punishment cannot deter criminals especially ones who are in the drug trade".
Gilligan for his part promotes "the successful re-entry of prisoner into society as productive people as a positive tool for their transformation". Support coming from the community itself by shunning the social stigma and stereotype attached to former prisoners erases the chance of evoking anger and trauma. Education according to him is the key to prevent or at least reduce the incidence of crimes by providing tools needed to acquire knowledge and skills, self-esteem and respect for others.
Almaraz supports the reform model as an effective implementation tool that is best supported by the government and communities. He believes in a reform model which consists of programs such as college degree courses, therapy and job training opportunities for inmates while in jail. Although such pro-life activities require a costly maintenance the possibility of learning through one's own mistakes may create a morally subservient person. We cannot dismiss the fact that violence is perpetrated by violators and violators begets violence; hatred begets hate and thus allowing hatred while in the process of reform mentally implies that the negative attitude is a form of life.
Mexico, heavily relies on the reform model and promotes the efficient scientific principle of the "positive" school by expanding treatment to low risk offenders and attempts at separating the violent prisoners form the non-violent ones. Viable education and behavioral modification and treatment programs are made available to prisoners who are willing to commit to reform. Drug and alcohol abuse rehabilitation serves to lessen the chances for recidivism.
Summary and Conclusion
In support of the reform model of effecting a desirable change for the inmates especially among first time offenders, the Jacksonian theory of absolute and brutal distinction should be discarded. Prisoners have not repudiated their membership in the community thus temporary exclusion does not require branding with harsh treatment to accomplish moral and political correctness. The prosecution and persecution of
The mind of an individual human being "at birth is blank and that their identity is defined entirely by events after" as popularly adhered by the Tabula Rasa Theory. As man speeds along self-discovery, several factors integrate to create a different personality that portrays an outcome unacceptable behavior offensive to a civilized society…
There have been several attempts to change the way schools were run, yet each one has failed, or has affected change on only a few schools. Few would argue that America's public schools are no longer meeting the needs of the families they serve, much less reaching their potential as ideal environments for children to grow and learn in.
Some argue that the courts usually concentrate on the fact that criminals could have committed the crimes without motive rather that basing judgment on the types of the crimes that are committed. This is true in most cases since the establishment of the courts also had in mind that felons could be corrected, guided and counselled and hence focused on this more that taking punitive measures.
In this context, the first example is that of Karla Faye Tucker who committed a heinous crime with her accomplice David Garrett in the year 1983. In the following years, as she made the requisite appeals to various courts and authorities, she claimed that her personality had totally changed owing to her newfound belief in God and she was no more a threat to the society.
The author states that there is mounting evidence that a large number of offenders arrested by law enforcers have learning disabilities. The Police and Criminal Evidence Act (PACE) believe that offenders with learning disabilities are likely to give confusing or false statements and require special assistance.
regard, the prime objective of the US correctional department is to convey educative knowledge regarding the outside world to the American prisoners with the aim of enhancing their respective rehabilitative aspects. One of the prime contents of the article can be summarized as
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