However, Judee Burgoon's Expectancy Violations Theory (EVT), with its emphasis on positive and negative valence, is perhaps the most appropriate theory available to explain and account for cultural differences as they relate to our understanding of communication.
Burgoon's EVT does not root itself in specific cultural transgressions and therefore does not limit itself in its effort to measure perceived positive and negative reactions to the unspoken message. Some emotions and traits can be readily transferred universally across different cultures. Aggression, happiness, laughter and fear are generally recognized around the world. However, some actions and messages are interpreted differently by various cultures with unique social traditions. Eye contact, movement, and posture all have symbolic meaning unique to various cultures. Touching is a symbol that has wide-ranging and varied meaning in different settings. By understanding the meaning of touching to a given culture, EVT can evaluate its impact and measure the positive or negative effect it may have. As with touching, other actions also demand a thorough knowledge of the cultural significance of the action.
Communication is filled with non-verbal messages and cues that play an important role in defining and interpreting messages sent from the communicator to the receiver. The relevance of these underlying messages is especially significant when communicating across cultural boundaries…
These differences stem from the fact that people are inherently distinctive and thus offer a host of ways and means through which their mixture brings a collective wisdom for the sake of the organization in the long run. The managers and professionals therefore have to get acquainted with how their subordinates and staff have differences within their folds and what they as managers and professionals need to do in order to get away with the same (Kleiner, 1996).
This theory can help understand personal space violations in the first episode of The Nanny (1993). During this time, Fran Fine (Fran Drescher) is applying as a nanny for Maxwell Sheffield (Charles Shaughnessy). The scene analyzed is the one where Maxwell interviews her in the living room, as he reads her resume.
In her works, Burgoon denotes personal space as ‘ a space that is invisible with variable volume, surrounding an individual in a bid to give an individual his or her preferred distance from others’. In addition, Burgoon argues that the shape and size of our personal space is dependent on both cultural customs and individual choices.
The expectancy theory assumes that there is an explanation for one’s behavior to be motivated to do something.
Psychologist Victor Vroom has advanced and explained the theory of expectancy theory when he asserted that a
Expectancy is the belief that efforts contribute to improved performance. The theory is observed in the belief that hard work leads to greater success (Redmond 1). Many factors influence expectancy. Firstly, availability
The author states that inn daily life, people predict certain behaviors in the process of interacting and the violation of the prediction is seen as negative or positive. This may depend on the relationship between people. In many cases, people would always predict what others think as per their behaviors.
2 pages (500 words)Essay
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