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The Juvenile Justice System and Welfare Act covers the different stages involving children at risk and children in conflict with the law from the prevention to rehabilitation and reintegration.1 Pursuant to Article 40 of the United States Convention on the Rights of the Child, the State recognizes the right of every child alleged as, accused of, adjudged, or recognized as having infringed the penal law to be treated in a manner consistent with the promotion of the child's sense of dignity and worth, taking into account the child's sense of dignity and worth, taking into account the child's age and desirability of promoting his/her reintegration.2 Whenever appropriate and desirable, the State…
The most important facet of all this is the "best interest of the child" theory that guided the courts lingers in the purpose clauses of juvenile codes throughout the world.4 However, it seems to have failed to address the concerns raised by victims or communities about the juvenile justice system. The therapeutic intervention and punishment models of justice also
appear to be incomplete. If these two models coexist in a jurisdiction, they are in constant conflict. However, if either one of these exists by itself, it fails to serve all stakeholders in the system.
There are further studies according to the framers of the code that is the balanced consideration of community protection, offender accountability and competency development. ...
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