Positions of Individual versus Society in Terms of Cognitive Development - Essay Example

Only on StudentShare

Extract of sample
Positions of Individual versus Society in Terms of Cognitive Development

This concept leads to several questions. Piaget saw the child as a solitary learner and discoverer, and on the contrary, Vygotsky emphasized on the social and cultural nature of the development.
According to Vygotsky, a child's psychological development happens within social interactions, not through the unfolding of the innate structures. Development is a phenomenon that cannot be separated from its social and cultural contexts. Therefore as per his theory, individual is a part of the sociocultural matrix, where social interactions play important and fundamental roles in the development of cognition. It can said that not only the genetics and the environment, cognitive development is a manifestation of the influence of a mix of social forces surrounding the individual. The environment and individual change continuously, rather not in a staged fashion as prescribed by Piaget, and with these qualitative changes, the individuals produce new developmental accomplishments and mark new developmental milestones.
If one compares these two paradigms, it will be evident that Piaget believed that the child him or herself is the most important source of cognitive development. ...
Download paper


Introduction: Piaget and Vygotsky differed in their views of the importance of the individual versus society in terms of cognitive development. The theory of Piaget is known as cognitive-developmental theory. This theory emphasizes the active role of the individual in the developmental process in an ordered sequence of qualitatively distinct stages…
Author : audrey88

Related Essays

Cognitive and Language Development
(Jumpstart Tulsa, 2009).
2 pages (502 words) Essay
Cognitive Development and Cognitive Views of Learning
Children in the concrete operational stage of development accept the rules and seldom deliberately move outside them. According to Piaget's theory, children from age 7 to 11 move from preconventional to concrete operational where these children have experienced interaction with others in a school setting and have begun to care what others think about them.
4 pages (1004 words) Essay
Cognitive Development Theory
Cognitive development is related to socialization. A child's ability to judge social relations and gain sense of morality are largely dictated by his intellectual readiness and interaction with his environment (Levitt, n. d.)Cognitive development theory focuses on the following concerns: the specificity or generalizability of domains in cognitive ability changes; the occurrence and rate of change or the existence of qualitative different stages; the processes occurring in physical or psychological aspect of an individual; and the factors affecting development.Cognitive development theory makes...
3 pages (753 words) Essay
Educational Psychology: cognitive development
A child starts learning much before his schooling. It is done intuitionally as the child is psychologically tuned to learning every moment, after it attains learning capability.
11 pages (2761 words) Essay
Theories of Cognitive Development
He named the stages according to the possible outcomes. Stages 5 to 8 explain the transition from childhood through death. During adolescence as explained in stage 5, children are becoming more independent, and begin to look at the future. During this period, they explore possibilities and begin to form their own identity based upon the outcome of their explorations. In young adulthood, people face the challenge of developing intimate relationships with others. Based on stage 6, if they do not succeed, they may become isolated and lonely. In stage 7, during young adulthood, people face the...
5 pages (1255 words) Essay
Interactive Processes and Cognitive Development
One such theory is the Zone of Proximal Development (ZPD) by Lev Vygotsky. Vygotsky professes that there is an actual zone for development and this zone consists of a gap "between a learner's current or actual level of development determined by independent problem solving and the learners emerging or potential level of development." Schaffer (2006 p 46)
2 pages (502 words) Essay
Got a tricky question? Receive an answer from students like you! Try us!