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Contract Law. Questions - Essay Example

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Schmepsi Ltd offered in its website $30 million worth Ducati motorcycles to the consumer who collected 20 million tokens the Schmepsi gave along with each can of its soft drink consumer. @ 1 token per can, under what was called a competition scheme. There were other schemes of the competition by which if the consumer the collected 100 tokens, he could exchange them for caps with Schmepsi logo and where the consumer collected 500 tokens he could exchange them for a T-Shirt with Schmepsi logo.
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Contract Law. Questions
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Contract Law. Questions

The Advertiser Schmepsi refused to give the reward saying that it was only an advertising gimmick and 'a bit of a joke' Michael wants to know if he has contractual rights against the Schmepsi for the $30 million worth of motor cycles.
According to Contract Law, an offer once accepted, it makes a binding contract between offeror and acceptor. In the above case actually the offeror is Michael and not Shemepsi for the following reasons. Generally advertisements are treated as not offers but an invitation to treat i.e. invitation to make an offer. What Schemepsi has done is only an invitation to treat by making an invitation to collect a certain number of coupons in exchange of a prize. Bold, unimaginable, and impractical orders are made in the form of advertisements deliberately to attract attention and not to really be bound by them. Who ever notices such advertisements should not be carried away by them and not make serious commitments based on them as they could always be avoided by the advertisers on the plea that they were only invitation to treat (invitation to bargain in" U.S") (invitation to offer in "India")
"An inv

"An invitation to treat invites another to make an offer which can be accepted or rejected. In Fisher v. Bell [1961] 1 QB 394 the court held the display of an article for sale is not an offer for sale. Similarly, Pharmaceutical Society of Gt Britain v. Boots Cash Chemists [1953] 1 QB 401 held that displaying goods for sale on a supermarket shelf was not an offer. In Partridge v.Crittenden [1968] 2 All ER 421, Partridge was convicted for offering for sale wild birds by an advertisement in a 'classified advertisements' column but the conviction was quashed since the advertisement was only an invitation to treat. In the same way in Harris v. Nickerson (1873) LR 8 QB286, a broker failed to recover damages for breach of contract after attending an advertised sale when the lots he was interested in were withdrawn. Advertisements by companies may constitute an offer. In Carlill v.Carbolic Smokeball Co. (1893), the defendants in a series of advertisements offered to pay 100 to any person who contracted influenza after using their patent 'smoke ball' three times a day for two weeks and stated that they had deposited 1000 in a bank to meet any claims. The plaintiff sued for 100 and the court held that the deposit of the 1000 indicated an intention to pay claims and that the advertisement was an offer. Brochures, pricelists and so on are invitations to treat, as are quotations" ( Judge, Stephen. Business Law (2nd ed.).New York, NY USA: Palgrave Publishers, 1999.p 113.http://site.ebrary.com/lib/britishcouncilonline/Docid=2003005&ppg=113)

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