The increasing number of youth offenders does not stem from a single cause nor a single set of causes. Sociologists agree that social disorganization is one of the most important factors that influence the rate of juvenile delinquency. Thus, in slum areas, where families come from different regions of the country or speak different dialects, where people are constantly on the move, and where diverse cultural standards flourish side by side with little interaction and community solidarity, delinquency is most often found. Some researchers suggest that more often delinquents have parents characterized by drunkenness or criminality, ineffective household management, economic difficulties and low self-respect. Delinquency often indicate that their families are not concerned about their welfare. Most delinquent children do not experience a real home life. They are left to themselves the whole day with any companion they choose to have.
Marriage may be temporarily or permanently broken. Temporarily broken homes refer to separation of husband and wife caused by war, migration, hospitalization, imprisonment, or employment conditions. Permanently broken homes refer to separation caused by desertion, divorce or legal separation, life imprisonment, or death.
Behavioral as well as social scientists express the view that broken homes can create far-reaching problems such as juvenile delinquency, unwed mothers, poverty, etc. Many of the juvenile delinquents here and abroad were found to come from broken homes. But it does not follow that broken homes will surely cause young children and adolescents to go wayward and develop into delinquents. Many separated parents have produced off springs that climbed into fame.
Clear knowledge of the causes of the emergence of youth offenders can naturally lead to a better understanding of how to control and prevent delinquency. Such reasoning is based on the frequent experience of being able to solve a problem successfully after the causes have been determined. It is suggested that there should be wholesome family relationship to prevent delinquency. Gaerlan et. al. (1975) maintain that emphasis on the Christian and moral virtues in the education of both parents and the youth is important.
Parents of children coming from good families should not think that their duty has ended when they have showered their children with luxury and free use of money.
The delinquent must know the bad effects of being delinquent to himself and to his environment. He should be warned that he change his wrongdoings. He needs some interest, self-interest and the attention of others, particularly of the parents.
Introduction and Analysis of the Problem
The problem is analyzed into definite subordinate questions and issues. The logic of the analysis of the problem is sound. The introduction gives a clear notion of the general scope of the research. The problem is clearly delimited but big enough for making valid generalizations. The sub-problems are specific, clear and unequivocal. The important terms are employed in an unusual sense are defined. The discussion of the previous research on the problem is adequate. The basic assumption involved in the solution of the problem is clear.