In the aftermath of the war, the entire world, particularly Europe, witnessed utter confusion and drastic changes. "Violated, dishonored, wading in blood, dripping filth--there stands bourgeois society Not all spic and span and moral, with pretense to culture, philosophy, ethics, order, peace, and the rule of law--but the ravening beast, the witches' Sabbath of anarchy, a plague to culture and humanity In the midst of this witches' Sabbath a catastrophe of world-historical proportions has happened: International Social Democracy has capitulated. To deceive ourselves about it, to cover it up, would be the most foolish, the most fatal thing the proletariat could do." (Luxemburg) According to the author, one of the most important results of the 'great historical test' in Germany was that the organization of the proletariat has been yoked entirely to the service of imperialism and the state of siege was borne very docilely in the nation. Similarly, in the aftermath of the war in Germany, the press was hobbled so much, public opinion was stifled, and the economic and political class struggle of the working class was absolutely surrendered. These are the crucial criticisms that the author is putting forward in the article. To her, openhanded self-criticism is essential for the existence of the working class and it is their supreme duty. ...
t and will gather up the golden treasure that, in a moment of weakness and confusion in the chaos of the world war, it has allowed to sink to the ground." (Luxemburg) Therefore, the author comes up with serious objections about the developments in the world and Europe in the aftermath of the war and these claims are supported by the arguments in "Modern Europe".
According to Luxemburg, one of the most important consequences of the war was that it was ordained to thrust forward the cause of the proletariat and the course of the war and its aftermath as explained in "Modern Europe" substantiates this view. As the author explains in her article, the world war has been a turning point and surviving the war does not mean everything in order to fall happily back into the old routine once it is over. As an essential consequence of the world war, the conditions of the struggle by the proletariat have altered along with the lives of the people. Significantly, the life-and-death war between capital and labor, which is the basic law of capitalist development, will not experience any amelioration in the aftermath of the war. However, the old familiar countenances smirk at the struggles of the proletariat in the midst of the war, as the masks are falling down. The upsurge of the volcano of imperialism has offered a mighty jolt on the tempo of development. "The violence of the conflicts in the bosom of society, the enormousness of the tasks that tower up before the socialist proletariat--these make everything that has transpired in the history of the workers' movement seem a pleasant idyll. Historically, this war was ordained to thrust forward the cause of the proletariat....It was ordained to drive the German proletariat to the pinnacle of the nation and thereby begin to organize