(Census report, 231) Egypt is the fifteenth most populous country in the world. Major part of the country has been engulfed by Sahara desert making those parts inhabitable. Cairo, the capital of Egypt where half of the country's population resides, is the largest city in Middle East and Africa. Other major city is Alexandria.
Egypt is governed by a multi-party semi-presidential system, whereby the executive power is theoretically divided between the President and the Prime Minister, in practice it rests almost solely with the President who traditionally has been elected in single-candidate elections for more than fifty years. The present president is Mohamed Hosni Mubarak has been the President of the Republic since October 14, 1981.
Egypt's economy depends mainly on agriculture, media, petroleum exports, and tourism. "Upper Egypt comprises the country's eight southernmost governorates. ... the region's history is one of isolated removal from the center of national life. The local relationships resulting from this centuries-old condition gave Upper Egypt an identity of its own within the modern Egyptian state. Alongside the even more ancient presence of Copts, tribal groupings dating from the Arab conquest combined to form a hierarchical order that placed two [minority] groups, the Ashraf and the Arab, in dominating positions." (Tschirgi, 3-34)
The first daily newspaper of Egypt was published in 1828. ...
Islam being the dominant religion of Egypt most of the significant newspapers are published in Arabic. Major newspapers of Egypt are Akhbar El Yom, Al-Ahali, Al-Ahram, Al-Alam Al-Youm, Al-Ayam Al-Gadida, Al-Gomhuria, Al-Manar Al-Jaheed, Al-Messa, Al-Osboa, Al-Shaab, Al-Wafd and Cairo Press Review. Apart from Arabic newspapers there few noted English newspapers too. Middle East Times and Al-Ahram Weekly are two such newspapers. Noted magazines in English are Cairo Times and Egypt Today. Apart from print media the audio media also holds a significant part of the Egyptian press.
The government controlled Egypt State Information Service (SIS) radio broadcasts in both Arabic and English. The Middle East News Agency (MENA) on the other hand operates with three languages viz. Arabic, English and French. As for the soft version of the press Egypt can readily boast about its prominent website in relation to media coverage. The Naseej News is a very successful Arabic website. (Monotimes)
As per the Cairo times online there are more than 500 dailies and weeklies in Egypt. Television also plays a significant role as media in Egypt. This because there are about 4.9 million homes that enjoys television connection as per 1993 report. This is the highest in Middle East and North Africa.
The domestic state broadcaster ERTU offers two national terrestrial channels, ERTU 1 and ERTU 2. It also provides news and current affairs output for the Egyptian Satellite Channel, ESC 1, and Nile TV International. Nile Thematic TV was established in 1998 in an attempt to modernize the image of state television and win back audiences lost to the pan-Arab