After his death in 1976, the leadership which followed him held to some of his ideas and abandoned others.
After the revolution, it took Mao a few years to consolidate power, intimidate or imprison those with whom he disagreed, and get his first initiative known as the "First Five-Year Plan" underway. This major reorganization of China's economy was focused on implementing a Soviet-style, heavy industry model that pushed agriculture and consumer goods manufacturing to the back seat (Corrin, Grasso, and Kort 1991). Mao's relationship with the Soviets not only included a common political and economic theory, but also a heavy reliance on Soviet technology and advisors for a significant concentration of expansion of China's military.
One of Mao's greatest failures, however, was his relationship with the United States. Given his Marxist economic views, as well as the emergent political issues of the Cold War, there was little doubt that China would align closely with the Soviet Union. After the Korean War, where thousands of both Chinese and American lives were lost, Sino-American relationships deteriorated and would remain poor until President Richard Nixon's efforts 20 years later began to build bridges between the two countries. Certainly, outside of its relationship with the Soviet Union, the international relationships of the Chinese would be seen as a failure by most people.
In the post-Mao