He wrote the book I-Ching also known as book of change which had the power of shaping the thought process of any upcoming book on the Chinese medicine.
The first book on the acupuncture appeared in the 204 BC during the rein of Huang Di - The yellow emperor. The books had full details on the needles to be used, acupuncture points in the Body, pathology, syndrome differentiation, treatment, diagnosis and the relationship of man with the nature. Initially, the stone needles were used to conduct the acupuncture and then the bronze, gold, silver needles were used as well. Now a days stainless steel needles are used to puncture the specific parts of the body.
Acupuncture has found its use in almost all the diseases but there is a huge debate on the infection caused due to the acupuncture needles and the subsequent impact of the infections on the body. This paper attempts to analyze the acupuncture from the historical perspective and researches the modern application of acupuncture with the application, advantages, and disadvantages. The paper ends with the conclusion obtained as a result of the research and discussions. (Gabriel, 2003)
Acupuncture is a traditional Chinese medicine practice having history which dates back to 8000 years. During the process of evolvement, acupuncture needles were modified from using stones as the raw material to bronze, gold and silver to stainless steels. The first changeover from stone to metal needles had happened during the 421-221 BC which is also known as the Warren States era. In the year 113 BC, nine types of acupuncture needles were discussed in the book The Miraculous Pivot. Nan Jing wrote a book named Book of difficult questions on Acupuncture. During 265 - 581 AD, acupuncture was very popular during the Jin, Northern and southern dynasties as several charts and texts were developed during this time by Xu Xi family to enhance the knowledge of theory and application.
Another major development during the ancient world in the fields of acupuncture came during Sui and Tang dynasties. The Tang government commissioned the services of physician Zhen Quan to revise the important text and charts of Acupuncture. Another book which collated the text and charts from other physician was written by Sun Simio. The Acupuncture came to be recognized as the separate branch of medicine during this phase i.e. 650 - 692 AD. The physicians conducting the Acupuncture were known as Acupuncturists and the Acupuncture education became mandatory and was made one the constituents of Imperial medicine bureau. The Acupuncture schools came up and they started conducting formal education on the Acupuncture theory and practice.
During the period 1568-1644, also known for Ming Dynasty rule, the knowledge of Acupuncture flourished where several actions like modification of the classical texts were conducted, acupuncture techniques and medication was enhanced, Moxa sticks were developed for indirect treatment, 120 volumes of Encyclopedic work was carried on by Wang Gendung as well as principles of acupuncture and Moxibustion was written by Yang Jizhou. G. Soulie D Morant, who introduced Acupuncture to the European world draw his inspiration from these texts. In the next few years during 1644-1840, the acupuncture was suppressed and the Chinese herbal medicine was promoted