Beo-Gramscian Approaches and Marxist Thinking on International Relations

College
Essay
Miscellaneous
Pages 7 (1757 words)
Download 0
Besides realism and liberalism, radicalism is considered as "the third overarching theoretical perspective to international relation" (Mingst, 2005, p.71). However, radicalism is not a homogeneous perspective, it is an umbrella term to denote a number of perspectives which have significantly different world views while sharing some central tenets of Marxism…

Introduction


Gramsci who was a leader of Italian Communist party in the fascist era did not ever write much directly on international relations. Gramaci did not see state merely as the government since its functioning is effectively constrained by the hegemony of the dominant capitalist class. Along with the government, he saw the role of "the church, the educational system, the press, all the institutions which helped to create in people certain modes of behaviour and expectations consistent with the hegemonic social order" (Cox, 1993, p.51). In brief, he clearly saw that "the hegemony of a dominant class thus bridged the conventional categories of state and civil society, categories which retained a certain analytical usefulness but ceased to correspond to separable entities in reality" (Cox, 1993, p.51). Gramsci's delineation of the concept 'passive revolution' is particularly useful in characterising the social formations in most of the third world countries since they are "caught up in a dialectic of revolution-restoration which tended to become blocked as neither the new forces nor the old could triumph" (Cox, 1993, p.54). ...
Download paper
Not exactly what you need?

Related papers

International Relations - feminism
May be this is this starting point of difference between men and women where gender issues become prominent as it relates to international security, war, trans-national trade and territorial boundaries. Simone de Beauvoir (The Second Sex, 1949) has suggested that the role of women in terms of national security has been ambiguous defined as those whom the state and its men are protecting, women…
International Relations Essay
Till a few years back, there were two powers with one situated in Washington and the other in Moscow and they could not afford to fight with each other. This led them to battles in absentia in the Third World and those were among the countries that were supported by one of the two superpowers. This led to conflicts among the two for the political allegiance of Asians, Africans, or Latin Americans.…
International Relations and Terrorism
The US bombing on September 11th is one case where terror was unleashed upon a mixed combination of individuals from countries across the world. International relations experts have made attempts to explain the impacts of this attack on the US and in the world.…
Beo-Gramscian Approaches and Marxist Thinking on International Relations
Gramsci who was a leader of Italian Communist party in the fascist era did not ever write much directly on international relations. Gramaci did not see state merely as the government since its functioning is effectively constrained by the hegemony of the dominant capitalist class. Along with the government, he saw the role of "the church, the educational system, the press, all the institutions…
International Relations: liberalism
These theories can be divided into two. Positivist and the post positivist theories. The difference between these two theories lies in the fact that while positivist theories such as, realism, liberalism, and neo liberalism aim at explaining the simple question of why and how power is exercised in the international realm, the post positivist theories mainly focus on the question of what power…
International Relations and society
In addition it is necessary to note that the field of international relations does cover other specialized entities like non-governmental organizations, inter-governmental organizations, intra-governmental organizations as well as supra-governmental agencies.…
Is cooperation possible under conditions of International Anarchy discuss in light of realist and pluralist approaches to international relations.
According to the principle of realists' movement, everything that need not be regulated within the general framework should be left to decide for subordinate groups and, in turn, to individuals to guarantee them a maximum amount of freedom. Proponents of pluralism argue that this negotiation process is the best way to achieve the common good: since everyone can participate in power and…