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Teenage Pregnancy - Essay Example
To determine the causal effects of anything it is imperative to apply a logical scientific method. Without use of such principles the contributing factors, results, frequency and possible solutions can never be proven, only surmised. In medicine the traditionally accepted means to accomplish this was through the branch of science of epidemiology…
Teen Pregnancy is one such issue that has benefited from application of the epidemiological methods of investigation.
In order to identify how these principles are applied to this serious issue, it is important to first understand exactly what epidemiology is and how an epidemiological investigation is accomplished. The United States Center for Disease Control (CDC) defines epidemiology as "the study of the distribution and determinants of health-related states in specified populations, and the application of this study to control health problems" (2004, 1). As seen by this definition not only is the breadth of the problem examined but causes and effects are discovered and corrective actions are taken to reduce or eliminate the problem. Delving more deeply into several of the key words of this definition will allow us to understand how epidemiological principles are being applied to the problem of teenage pregnancy.
Epidemiology is first a study. This implies that is scientific in nature based on empirical evidence and statistics collected using strict methodologies that can be replicated, thereby, validated by other scientists. Without this data, the existence and/or extent of a problem can not be determined. Applying these epidemiological principles to the study of teen pregnancy is no different. ...