Effects of television on children under the age of two

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1Children develop and grow at different rates, and with immense individual disparity; no two children are alike, even twins. Though, starting at birth and continuing through to adulthood, every parent also knows that children endure dramatic, inevitable changes in growth, in behavior, and in skills, and numerous of these changes are common to all children, everywhere, in spite of culture, such as the physical changes brought concerning by puberty.

Introduction

At four years of age children switch to adult programming and by the time these youngsters enter kindergarten, the effects of routine and unconfirmed viewing are said to lead to decreased thoughts and attention spans, tetchiness and restlessness, low academic achievement, aggressive behaviors derivative of popular TV programs, and so forth (Mutz, D. C., Roberts, D. F., and van Vuuren, D. P. 1993).
Even the youngest children in America are growing up immersed in media, spending hours' whole day watching TV and videos, using computers and playing video games, according to a new study released today by the Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation. Children's six and under spend an average of two hours a day using screen media (1:58), about the same amount of time they spend playing outside (2:01), and well over the amount they spend reading or being read to (39 minutes).
New interactive digital media have become an integral part of children's lives. Nearly half (48%) of children six and under have used a computer (31% of 0-3 year-olds and 70% of 4-6 year-olds). ...
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