Construction with steel comprised of a steel skeleton made of steel columns and I-beams. The frame is able to support the attached building (floor, roof, wall, etc.) due to its rectangular shape. Due to their strength, steel frames are employed in skyscrapers.
After mixing with water, the fluid is poured where hydration hardens the concrete within the desired shape. It is used in constructing roads, pavements, foundations, poles, blocks walls, structures, parking, bridges, underpass, etc.
In either mode of construction, the most important aspect to keep in mind is fire resistance as after setting on fire the whole building can collapse. The best way is to keep the building airy and using non-combustible material (tiles of clay or slate, cement and concrete mixture, etc) in ceilings/roofs (Avillo, 2002). For windows smaller pane and double or tempered pane glass is preferred while skylights must not be made of flaming material. Firewalls, rated wall to resist fire, can be constructed to avoid the spread of fire. It slow downs the movement of fire from one side to another by separating the building into different fire areas.
Constructing a project on large scale involves a number of tasks. Mixture of cement and concrete can be used to reinforce the infrastructure to increase its durability where inflammable material must be avoided for walls and roofs. There should be fire exits and firewalls to keep the burning area separate from the safe compartments. ...
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This has led to the application of technology in the fire service so as to effectively deal with the disasters (Edwards, 2004). In spite of the increased demand for technology in the fire service, it is still considered important for a firefighter to understand basic mathematics.
The identified areas which are protected through a manual fire protection are ideally accessible with respect to smoke, toxic combustion products, heat, and also with radiation.
voltage. During operational rounds, hired technicians of companies check the ammeters for current flow to the electrical systems.
Commercial and industrial buildings usually have some sort of internal, or private, fire-protection system installed. Some industrial establishments even airports also maintain fire departments that are specially trained and equipped to fight aircraft fires.
For all intents and purposes hydraulics (Greek: Hydro meaning water; Aulos meaning pipe), as it relates to the fire service is the study of the behaviour of water in motion or at rest.
Water is the main fire-extinguishing medium used by the fire service because it is relatively cheap and readily available.
nitially involves careful engineering which requires accuracy and scientific study for engineering application; this is aided with experience and judgement as in other engineering disciplines. Engineering involves the need to evaluate fire hazard and risk and to offer fire
The author states that when the system fails the effect of fire can be very fatal, it may include loss of properties and lives of people. So he gives recommendations to the emergency organizations how to identify any unforeseen fire emergency in some good time and to make the occupants of the building and the fire emergency organizations be informed.
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