The space shuttles are true aerospace vehicles. They exit earth and its atmosphere under rocket power provided which has three liquid-fueled main engines and two solid-fuel boosters attached to an external liquid fuel tank.
After their missions in orbit end, the shuttles streak back through the atmosphere and are maneuvered to land like an airplane…
Nixon and vice president Spiro T. Agnew. They presented their objective after evaluating the previous studies related to shuttle science. First, to have a national space strategy and second, to build a space shuttle.
The big question took place while the earliest development of space shuttle, the debate was about the optimal shuttle design with the purpose of best balanced capability, development cost and operating cost. Eventually the already existing design was selected, using a reusable winged orbiter, solid rocket boosters, and expendable external tank.
The Shuttle program was officially commenced on January 5, 1972, just after the announcement that NASA would precede with the development of a reusable Space Shuttle system by President Nixon. The final design was less pricey to manufacture and less technically striving as compared to the earlier fully reusable designs.
When the Apollo space program was about to finish, NASA officials were looking at the big picture of the American space program. They used one-shot, disposable rockets. All they wanted is a cost effective, reliable rocket and something which is reusable. This main idea of space shuttle being reusable was that it could launch like a real rocket but land like an airplane which would be considered as one of the greatest technical achievement.
As soon as NASA began to study the ...
President Nixon in 1972 announced that NASA would develop a reusable space shuttle or space transportation system (STS). Later it was decided that the shuttle would consist of an orbiter directly attached to the solid rocket boosters and also an external fuel tank. It was awarded the prime contract to Rockwell International.
Then, spacecraft which were made used ablative heat shields that would burn away as the spacecraft re-entered the Earth's atmosphere. Where as, if the rocket is to be reusable it has to use the different strategy. So the designers and manufacturer of the space shuttle suggested an idea which was to use many insulating ceramic tiles to cover the space shuttle which could absorb the heat of re-entering without hurting the astronauts.
As the shuttle was to fly like a plane (more like a glider), while landing. So a working orbiter was also built up for testing the aerodynamic design, but it won't go into the outer space. This orbiter was named the Enterprise afterwards it was known as the "Star Trek" starship. So this required test flights which Enterprise took care of the numerous test flights and landings, where it was launched from a Boeing 747 and glided to a landing at Edwards Air Force Base in California.
At last, after many years of constructing and testing of orbiters, main engines, external fuel tanks and solid rocket boosters, the shuttle was ready to fly. There were total four shuttles made - Columbia, Discovery, Atlantis and Challenger. The first flight was of Columbia Space Shuttle in 1981, piloted by astronauts John Young and Robert Crippen. It was the successful flight which Columbia performed and later other shuttles made several successful flights.
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(Space Shuttle Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 3750 Words)
“Space Shuttle Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 3750 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.net/miscellaneous/307685-space-shuttle.
The study critically analyzed the major issues and ethical lapses that allowed the incident to occur. The recommended actions include a culture change at NASA, effective leadership, improved communication systems, stronger regulation and better focus on the research and development of space shuttles.
The Space Shuttle Challenger, Mission 51-L, took off at the Kennedy Space Center, on that fateful day, Tuesday, the 28th January, 1986, from pad 396 at approximately at 11:38 Eastern Standard time (EST) Investigations carried out showed that even though the flight had been delayed and postponed four times for several hours, yet it was green- signaled by NASA to take off.
The disaster, whether seen in actual time twenty-one years ago or recalled in a story, and the fact that that the tragedy happened in such a public manner, witnessed by millions - doesn't take much for every human being to absorb in a way that brings us to tears.
“It was not amorally calculating managers violating rules that were responsible for the tragedy. It was conformity”. (p 386)
Normal organizational tendency in case of a disaster is straight forward. Fire the key decision makers, put some money into knowing what went wrong, and redefine the definitions & rules
The Shuttle explosion precipitates to recommendations to stop the Shuttle explosion repeat. The explosion cause included the tank being refueled with super-cooled propellants. The process caused the ice to crust on the vehicle's exterior. It was the Shuttle and the NASA team's job to determine if the current amount ice would cause the explosion.
The decision-making process is critical for the quality of decisions reached and it is a process that is affected by many different factors. Various decision theories and models have been developed in order to try and
Mathematic formulas aids in derivation of the total drag force of the aerospace.
Computation of drag loss entails approximation of the Shuttle’s mass at maximum time q. Shuttle mass is a function of time and normally derived from the propellant
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