that can be easily integrated with one other, and which provide the advantages of easing cash-flow problems and of decreasing customization times" (Sunderajj and Talluri p 339 2003).
(1)Further integration of activities between suppliers and customers across the entire supply chain;(2) on-going changes in supply chain needs and required flexibility from IT; (3) more mass customization of products and services leading to increasing assortments while decreasing cycle times and inventories; (4) the locus of the driver’s seat of the entire supply chain and (5) supply chains consisting of several independent enterprises ((Akkermans et al p 284 2003).
There are currently many changes occurring within the jurisdiction of United Arab Emirates, including "Borders Inc. signed a memorandum with United Arab Emirates-based company Al Maya Group to establish that its stores in the U.A.E. and other Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) countries will operate under Al Maya," and "Borders is expected to open multiple stores in the U.A.E. and will provide training and marketing support to Al Maya" (Chain Store Age p 40 2006), which is part of multiple changes as a corporate response to the supply chain management in the needs of cargo customers, where "expansion of the supply chain through partnership with forwarders and agents," and there was a "series of workshops related to the freight business" to answer the company concerns in supply chain management.(CILT p 7 2003).
To manage supply chains in the United Arab Emirates, collaboration between manufacturers, suppliers and distributors should include "a collaborative supply chain framework is composed of five connecting features of collaboration, namely collaborative performance system, information sharing, decision synchronization, incentive alignment, and integrated supply chain processes" (Simatupang and Sridharan p 257 2005), this would improve the problem of communication noted earlier. Furthermore, the appropriate and