Equal Pay Act of 1970 has been introduced in order to protect women against possible discriminations regarding their payment for their work especially comparing to the remuneration given to a man working in the same firm and for work of similar value. Generally, it should be…
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In accordance with a report published by the University of Oxford “under this Act, every employment contract is deemed to include an equality clause which guarantees both sexes the same money for doing the same or broadly similar work, or work rated as equivalent by a job evaluation study; such a clause operates unless an employer can prove that pay variation between the sexes is reasonable and genuinely due to a material difference between their cases”2. In other words, all employment contracts should include provisions for equal pay regarding the work of equal value. However, in many cases the provision of equal payment is not possible because there are certain factors (like the duties of the man involved) that have been encountered in order for the increase to the salary to be decided. Another issue is the fact that discrimination in payment is often non visible or easily identified because it can refer to the provision of other benefits (like free accommodation and so on) that are analyzed extensively below.
1(1) “If the terms of a contract under which a woman is employed at an establishment in Great Britain do not include (directly or by reference to a collective agreement or otherwise) an equality clause they shall be deemed to include one”3
In other words, all employment contracts in Britain should include a clause related with equal payment. In terms that such a term is not included in the employment contracts, then employers can be ‘obliged’ to add such a clause within these contracts. In order to understand the role of Equal Pay Act 1970, it is necessary to refer primarily to the term ‘pay’ as included in the above Act. In accordance with a definition given by the Equal Opportunities Commission (2007) the term ‘pay’ can be refer not only to salaries and wages but also to the following benefits: “a) holiday pay/leave entitlements; b) profit related pay; c) profit sharing; d) contractual bonuses e) share options; f) subsidised ...
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Body i). Proponents for reform argue that the fist-part-the-post promotes; unfair representation regionalization dominance by the governing party in the parliament does not accommodate views from other parties the system creates barriers ii). Proponent of reform believed the mixed member proportional system could promote fair representation.
It affects the ability of the individual to deal with arithmetic, whether this be by learning or comprehension. The UK parliament document on dyslexia and dyscalculia describes one adult with a university degree who could not comprehend which of two numbers was the larger (), suggesting that those with dyscalculia do not have impaired intelligence in all areas.
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The employees faced lot of hurdles and difficulties in the organization in the previous years. Therefore in order to protect their rights the law was passed and implemented.
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