Another population that is showing emerging increase in PTSD is fire-fighters. More and more cases of major depressive disorder (MDD), generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) and posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) are coming to light, making it important for understanding of the conditions and therefore development of effective treatments.
Feczer and Bjorklund (2009) define PTSD as “ an anxiety disorder characterized by a triad of symptoms following exposure or trauma, including persistent re-experiencing of the traumatic stressors through flashbacks, nightmares, and/or intrusive thoughts, avoidance of stimuli associated with the trauma along with the numbing or general unresponsiveness; and persistent symptoms of increased arousal” (p.278). PTSD is classified as an anxiety disorder since although anxiety has many of the symptoms and signs of fear, it also lingers long after the event and the threat associated with it have passed. This is perhaps the most unique characteristic of PTSD. Vieweg et al (2006) follow the development of the definition. In 1980 the third edition of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders first described PTSD as an anxiety disorder. In a later revision in 1987 the diagnostic criteria were revised to emphasize the avoidance phenomenon and in the 1994 edition trauma was redefined. The definition of trauma is important to the understanding of how it is applied to PTSD. Grant et al (2008) define a trauma as “an event involving actual or threatened loss of life or personal integrity such that one experiences extreme fear, helplessness or horror” (p.662). The American Psychiatric Association expands the explanation of the traumatic event saying that it must involve actual or threatened death or serious injury of a threat to one’s physical being. Witnessing the actual death or threat to another’s ...
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(Post Traumatic Stress Disorder Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 Words)
“Post Traumatic Stress Disorder Research Paper Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1500 Words”, n.d. https://studentshare.net/miscellaneous/382661-post-traumatic-stress-disorder.
This essay discusses that post-traumatic stress disorder is a severe anxiety disorder that can occur after someone has experienced psychological trauma, which can come in the form of feeling as though their life has been threatened, potential death, or an attack against one’s sexual, psychological, or physical virtues.
Post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a severe form of anxiety disorder that manifests in individuals after experiencing a severely traumatic event. These events vary in form and may include those that are potentially life-threatening, or being a survivor in gross traumatic incidents.
When a person find himself or herself in danger, the triggers the body to try and defend the whole body against the danger. When this health reaction that intends to protect the body from harm is damaged, the person may still feel frightened even when the danger is over.
It is an anxiety related psychological disease which may occur after a person faces certain physical or psychological trauma. The psychological trauma could be with respect to the threat of death or threat to physical or psychological integrity. It is not necessary that these threats are against the person alone; the threats against the beloved ones can also cause PTSD.
Anxiety gives a sense of worry, panic, fear and distress to an individual if faced by it. But on the other hand anxiety is a sense of feeling faced by everyone at one time in his lifetime and so it is very important to distinguish between the normal levels of anxiety and the pathological levels of anxiety.
In some instances, the pain never truly goes away. Pain and other traumatic experiences are a part of life that must be endured. There are some experiences, however, that cannot simply go away with time. They stick with an individual wherever they go. The experiences can haunt people in their dreams, affect their personal and professional lives in numerous ways, and cause even more heartache and pain than ever imagined.
Events that can lead to such stress disorder include severe accidents on roads, violent assaults such as robbery or sexual assaults, sexual abuses for a long period of time, neglect of family members and near ones, witness of violent incidents or deaths, experiences of being held as hostages, attacks of terrorists, or natural disasters such as earthquakes, severe floods or tsunamis.
can be clinically diagnosed when symptoms like disturbing flashbacks recur, memories of the event continue to disturb, and high levels of anxiety take place even after months of the event. It is not necessary that all people suffering from traumatic events develop this
development of the disease starts after an ordeal happens to the patients and leaves them with distasteful experiences (Mueser, Rosenberg & Rosenberg, 2009). The person may have been a witness to physical harm or a threat that happened to a stranger or a loved one. It might
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