The parliament is usually given fourteen days to elect its chancellor officially after the final election results. Normally, elections happen after every four years and the same process begins all over again. There are no by-elections in Germany - if members of the Bundestag die or resign in office, those next on the list of the party in the appropriate State/Land automatically succeed them (Welle, 2009, para13). 30
Like all countries in Western Europe that have adopted the proportional system, Germany has more than twenty percent female parliamentarians, which clearly indicates a strong correlation between the type of electoral system and the level of female representation. As expounded earlier on, Germany uses a mixed or double electoral system with both a proportional representation system and single member constituencies and each of them selects half of the Bundestag members. However, the election of the majority of German female politicians is through the proportional representation list. Unlike in other countries such as the United Kingdom where voters and local parties object to having imposition of all-women shortlists on them, the list system in Germany has enabled parties to increase the proportion of female members of parliament in the Bundestag quickly. 38
The system of proportional representation also includes a quota that requires from each province, a minimum of two female delegates. This means that the parliament body will be at least twenty-five percent women. In full representation, there is an increase in the access of greater number of candidates. Sun argues that holding all other factors constant, under proportional representation system, the likelihood of electing women is almost twice as compared to majoritarian systems. Furthermore, under full representation system, measures such as quotas for minimum number of candidates aimed at increasing the representation of women are much easier to implement since the
Nevertheless, in a parliamentary system that is fragmented with two dominating parties, this is not likely to happen. In view of this, there is usually need for…
This essay gives a detailed analysis of the health care system in two developed countries, Canada and Germany. The health care system of a country is one of the main factors that determine the quality of living of its citizens. Both countries cover the services that are appropriate and medically necessary.
Americans are also very much like them in this respect. Unlike Germans and Americans, people of Britain make their speech formal so as to regulate the tension words might convey to the listener (Culture Smart! Germany 41). Although, it is a good practice, yet it has its own cons.
Therefore, it is worthwhile to study the factors that are identical and different between the Germans and Americans. Similarities Both Germans and Americans are quite straightforward in their tone and speech. Unlike British, they don’t unnecessarily make the speech wordy (Culture Smart!
These conversations were made by Hitler during World War 2 years. The main topics which are covered in this book are the following – Hitler’s thought on his enemies – Russians , Americans , English and Jews Plans for the development of Germany and the territories occupied after the war.
This research will begin with the statement that according to Jacobs, in his book Martin Luther was a hero who led a major reformation. He was born in 1483 and died 1n 1546. He was brought up in the church by his parents and his spiritual life was grown and developed from his being a minister of the word of the bible as well as the sacrament.
raged by the actions of Germany, the Zimmermann telegram, which was given by the German Ambassador to Mexico for becoming an ally to wage war against the Americans, forced the US which was till then neutral, to declare war against Germany and enter the Second World War.
was determined to unify Germany under Prussian control and the move towards this goal was to remove or eliminate French influence over Germany (Howard 31). The German statesman Otto Von Bismarck vowed to unify German states with all means either using war or diplomacy.
nd political ideology called “Enlightened Absolutism,” which refers to the belief in a single, absolute monarchy, or despot, where the ruler has complete and total control, but emphasizes rationality, religious tolerance, freedom of speech and of the press. They were, also,
1 pages (250 words)Essay
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