Human Rights have described as the inalienable moral entitlement to all persons equally, by virtue of their humanity, irrespective of race, nationality, or membership of any particular social group. They specify the minimum conditions for human dignity and a tolerable life…
At a global level, the international human rights law is the body entrusted in keeping and promoting these statutes internationally, regionally and even nationally. The United Nations (UN) through the United Nations Security Council and the United Nations Human Rights Council is the only universally recognized entity that exerts jurisdiction on human rights issues. Countries adhere to international law by consenting to at least partially acquiescent to international law or jurisdiction according to the 1920 Statute of the Permanent Court of International Justice. This and subsequent statutes comprise the various international treaties, declarations, and guidelines that constitute the international human rights instruments. The United Nations Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) of 1948 form the basis of most of these human rights instruments, which have generated various international and regional instruments that guide the international laws on human rights (UNHCHR, 2009) [see Table 1].
Although there is no principal body entrusted with enforcing international human rights, several judicial entities exist including the International Criminal Court (ICC), which presides over war crimes and genocide, the European Court of Human Rights, and the Inter-American Court of Human Rights that normally work under the guidance of the UN Human Rights Council (OHCHR, 2009). At state level, 110 countries have set up National Human Rights Commissions to monitor and promote human rights.
In many developed western countries particularly the United States, the notion of human rights has developed over time but can be traced to the influence of British political theorist John Locke who ascribed to the view of natural rights of an individual. The US Declaration of Independence and Bill of Rights have thus emphasised the importance of individual and collective rights. Western ...
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According to the research findings it can therefore be said that though international human rights law contains many rights for the benefit of mankind but it also has its share of weaknesses and fails to be considered a foolproof law which could be exercised for the optimum benefit of the mankind without any difficulties.
Treaties between states provide international law that has a binding legal effect between the parties that have agreed to the respective treaties. On the other hand, customary international law develops from the consistent conduct of states based on the belief that such behaviour resulted from legal requirements.
Accordingly, the same court had earlier awarded 2,000 Euros in compensation to Nadia Eweida, a British Airways attendant who was banned from wearing a cross at work. The court ruled that the employers were justified given their obligations to prevent discrimination against the consumers (Taylor 2).
However, the mass atrocities committed during World War II provided impetus for the recognition of the necessity of promoting and preserving human freedom and rights, which recognition is embodied in international documents such as the Atlantic Charter (1941) and the Teheran Declaration (1942).
As fundamental human rights and freedoms are inherent in all humankind and find expression in constitutions and legal systems throughout the world and in the international human rights instruments (Kirby, 2005), invoking international human rights law in domestic courts, therefore, merits special consideration.
As nations become interconnected, multinational corporations create avenues for interactions with foreign nations bringing the lure of foreign investment and capital. However, critics often associate TNC’s ventures to third world countries as agents of disaster. The process
The basis of human rights rests on equal dignity and rights given to all members of the human family and paves the way to peace and justice among the humankind. The implementation of human rights as an international good is in
Allies comprised Great Britain, France and Russia, while the central powers included Germany, Austria and Italy. The war was fought with the objective of gaining balance of power in the world but it did not seem to have served the purpose. The
The merit of gun control is supported by the latest research. Most important, Altheimer reported that although that many studies have been done, “most of the research has found a significant association between gun availability and violence.” Altheimer enumerated that the studies that indicate association between gun availability and violence.
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