Today, the Communist manifesto is still seen as one that reveals on what appeared to be the bright promise of Lenin’s 1917 revolution while, at the same time, providing a critique on American capitalism. In the process, it addressed the challenge of anarchy, and then explored…
cially true in the face of the continuing increase of the gap between the rich and the poor, the developed and the poor countries brought about by globalization, a product of the Western capitalism.
Further on, the Manifesto still proves to be an important resource in the examination and analysis of international relations. Particularly, its four main arguments are still applicable in how the radical theory of international relations can be fashioned. These arguments are those that emphasize: class struggle and the constitutive power of labor; the revolutionary dynamic of industrial capitalism; dependence and uneven development in the global system; and, the centrality of the notion of crisis. (Marx and Cowling, p. 192)
Critics of the Communist Manifesto argued that its philosophies are no longer relevant today. The fall of the Soviet Union, for many critics, was the ultimate evidence of the falsity of Marxist ideals. More direct assault on the philosophies found in the Communist Manifesto cited those atrocities committed in the name of Marxism, Stalin’s purges, Mao’s Cultural Revolution and Pol Pot’s killing fields.
Then, according to Glaser and Walker, there is an absence today of a successful and sustained Marxist revolution and that the persistence of capitalism must be accounted for. (p. 4) China is a case in point. The country has been increasingly becoming a fodder for those anti-Marxists, stating that the country only achieved its unprecedented economic growth, allowing it to improve the lives of the masses, when it opened up its market and adopted certain elements of capitalism.
In second Chapter of the Manifesto, Marx extensively discussed the bourgeois and the proletarians. These two classes was Marx’s version of the freeman and slave, patrician and plebian, lord and serf – the oppressor and oppressed – in the class struggle happening in the society at-large. (p. 6) According to Marx, “modern industry has converted the little workshop ...
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Marx has presented extensive argument for his stance and against the existing social structure that he strive to change and uproot in order to establish a society that was free from the strains and shackles of workmanship, bondage, and capitalism (Marx). Although the Manifesto covers a lot of topics in great depth, a complete analysis of the book is beyond the scope of this paper.
Communist manifesto Your name Course Instructor Date Communist manifesto Industrial Revolution and the rise of various socialist movements in Europe in the early 19th century Studies have shown that powerful and populous European monarchy during the political revolutions in North American colonies of Britain ignited a variety of revolutionary movements in Latin America, Haiti, and Europe in initiating seemingly and profound irreversible effects on western society.
In that perspective, as per Marx, the rise of the contemporary bourgeois society is not a novelty or a ground breaking change, but rather the sprouting of a new system endowed with all the ills inherent in the previous feudalistic or class based societies.
Name Instructor’s Name Course Date of Submission The Communist Manifesto The class system has become deeply embedded in our society and the society has been divided into different segments due to this system. The gap between the elite class and the working class keeps on increasing.
Today, the class struggle, is as real as it was then during French revolution. The middle class has taken the place of the bourgeoisie while workers and unemployed represent the proletariats. According to Marx, the middle class interest for a humongous profit would exploit the labor force due to forces of demand in the market.
He presents his suppositions about the operation of the society and politics. According to the authors, rising industrial workers exploitation will ultimately lead to a revolution under which capitalism is overturned. Marx’s theories about the society and politics reflect on the difficulties faced be industrial workers, who lived in abject poverty and worked in awful conditions with minimal political representation.
With market expansion, mercantilism paved the way for capitalism. However, with all its virtues, capitalism gave rise to inequality of income and wealth, resulting in inequality of economic and political power. The conflict between the bourgeoisies and proletariat worried many thinkers.