The Black Death was one of the world’s worst disasters that struck parts of Europe during the Middle Ages, almost wiping out around 50% of the entire population. Most researchers in the recent times contend that this Black Death was the actually the bubonic plague, that had…
It is transmitted to humans from the wild rodents by fleas that form the intermediate carrier. However in the latter part of the twentieth century, there have been some speculations as to whether this Black Death was caused by only bubonic plague, or were there some other explanations (as for example, some researchers claim that it may have been a viral hemorrhagic fever that killed so many) for this deadly and sudden pandemic, that had once threatened to wipe out the entire European population. However, most historians and scientists are of the view that, it was indeed the bubonic plague along with its variations, which caused Black Death. The effect of this disaster was so great that it took almost 150 years for the affected countries to recover and it created such a great upheaval that it led to a certain changes in the socio-political, religious and economic picture of Europe. This black plague kept on rearing its ugly head at different times, killing in large
numbers each time it appeared in Europe. Finally it was only in the nineteenth century that this epidemic disappeared completely, from the European soil. This article will examine the infamous calamitous episode, known in history as the Black Death, and will explore the probable causes that led to it, and will study the various effects that this devastating pandemic had on the entire socio-political fabric of Europe during the middle ages.
History of plague: Even before it left its indelible mark as the Black Death, bubonic plague was known to human civilization. As early as in the sixth and seventh century (541-544 A.D.), there were confirmed reports of this disease which is known as the Justinian plague, as it had occurred during the reign of the Roman emperor Justinian (527- 565A.D.). Even then, its effects were quite devastating, and was said to have killed around 300,000 people in Constantinople itself, with some reports even claiming that there were 5000-10000 deaths in the ...
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This was one of the worst battles that humankind had to fight against nature. It was perhaps nature’s way of ensuring ecological balance during a time when Medieval Europe was already suffering from a Malthusian crises arising out of several crop failures (last decade of thirteenth century), famines over the previous decades and the increasing population pressure.
The Black Death, aka the Bubonic or Black Plague, was responsible for at least 40 million deaths and decimated nearly 200,000 towns throughout Europe. The Black Death refers to both the bubonic and pneumonic plagues. Of the two diseases, the pneumonic plague is the deadliest killing its victims in just a few days.
One of the many issues that were prevalent in the English society includes the outbreak of Bubonic plague during 1665 in London. The deadly plague was named as the Black Death for the horrifying effects and ultimate demise of the victim’s life. The skin of the infected person begins turning black in patches or one may call them ‘buboes’ accompanied with uncontrollable vomits, inflammation in tongue and severe headaches.
Nonetheless, starvation did not contribute many deaths since citizens engaged in other means of earning their livelihood. Sommerville noted that England suffered from the effects of the Great Starvation that affected the country between 1315 and 1317 although there is no enumeration of people who died due to starvation.
It connotes the rapidity with which the disease strikes its victims. Plague is endemic among rodents, particularly in central Asia, but does not cause many fatalities. However, if it crosses the biological barrier to attack other species, it can prove deadly. The disease-causing pathogen is the bacillus Yersinia pestis, which was identified by the French bacteriologist Alexandre Yersin only in 1894.
The Great Fire of London is believed instead to have been the result of simple human negligence, initiated when a maid working in the establishment of the Kings Baker failed to properly secure one of the ovens for the night. The live coals in the firebox of the oven
(Dufel and Cronin). This particular variety of the plague appeared at quite a few junctures in human history in the form of a cataclysmic epidemic. Black Death (1347), which was the most devastating instance of the
During this period, Europe made rapid progress in the output of precious minerals and metals. Its rapid increase of mathematics and intellectual capabilities was widely known, especially due to mechanical and water power discoveries (University of
ted this disrupted family and domestic life, but it also disturbed the social and economic foundations that Europeans had been sustaining for more than three centuries (Byrne 57). The balance between supply and demand was negatively affected and took a very long time to cope or
Today, one disease evokes similar fears and imagery; that virus is Ebola. People imagine that Ebola is the next worse thing to a Zombie apocalypse and that it may have the power to bring all of civilization to its knees. Granted Ebola is a serious virus and
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