This topic is important because it will assist an anthropologist to analyze the theories of evolution with a better stand. It is also essential since it tells about the origin of humans and it will help in determining the similarities in biological and physical characteristics of the beings in association with their area of origin. It will also help in determining the changes that have occurred in the human beings from their time of existence.
Answer: The author presented an argument supporting the Out of Africa theory which states that today’s human beings evolved basically from Africa and around 100,000 to 200,000 years back. A research was conducted by a group of researchers from the University of Maryland in 2003 in Tanzania. This is an area presenting a population with diverse phenotypic differences. The mitochondrial DNA was analyzed and the changes in their genes were kept constant and the time for their evolution resulted to around 170000 years back which supported the fact of the Out of Africa theory. Two skulls were also discovered from Ethiopia which also upheld this fact that the period of development of today’s beings dates back to around 100000 to 200000 years.
Answer: The author also presented with the Multiregional theory which provides explanation that human beings basically evolved from not just one location but the modern human beings actually originated everywhere around the world and they spread and went distant apart which led to the development of different racial characteristics amongst them. This hypothesis claims that the earliest remains of human beings will not be restricted to one area but will rather be found all around the world and that the recent human beings have evolved long time back that is more than million years back. The author then explained his arguments in favor of the Out of Africa hypothesis with strong evidences to support this theory above the Multiregional ...
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“Anthropology Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 Words - 4”, n.d. https://studentshare.net/miscellaneous/399376-anthropology.
This, says Kelley, causes stereotyping of the “underclass” as per the social scientists own definition of the term and, therefore, the reality of different cultures within that same underclass is not discussed among them. For instance, social scientists in the 60s, generalizes all black culture as ghetto culture, claiming it to be a result of the racist attitude of the society.
According to the Savanna-based theory, the adoption of the upright posture and the subsequent walking or standing on the two hind appendages was caused by the transition from the lifestyle on trees to erect walking on the savannah (Strickberger 474). Among other scholars, Elizabeth Vrba supports this theory.
The relationship between phenotype, genotype, and natural selection is essential to the knowledge of heredity and development organism. Phenotype refers to the traits that an individual has, and is determined by the genotype and the environment. Natural selection comprises of the process which results from differences in reproductive successes among unique individual phenotypes living at a given generation and eventually resulting in a biased representation of genes at the next generation.Natural selection acts on phenotypes because differential reproduction and survivorship depend on phenotype.
Anthropologists in general look at cross-cultural differences in social institutions, cultural beliefs, and communication styles. In fact in recent years with the growing globalization, this subject has gained much more importance. Knowledge about human diversity is helpful especially in the case of global organizations.
In short, everything related to man comes under the scope of anthropology. It is important to see the world through an anthropological lens because one can know better about one’s own past and present and can see for oneself where he/she
These are the people who originally lived in some region before the times of colonization or a nation’s transformation, and possess different culture, tradition and language. Several studies have been and are still being
Alleles are inherited in the similar manner unless their nature is altered by some external forces encompassing environmental factors causing mutation, a genetic drift, meiotic cycle, gene flow or due to non-random mating.
Mutation brings modification in the
Additionally, the hunter-gatherers built villages and towns. This led to change of their environment by adoption of specialized food crop cultivation. This led to excessive food production, which in turn led to trade in surplus
They became extinct; it is not in doubt their close semblance to the early human ancestors. Experts in Hominid research refer to them as man-apes and also ape-man this is because they have features of the two groups,
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