A positive growth rate in GDP indicates economic development of a country. Most of these African countries are having positive growth rate during the recent past.
GDP is an important indicator of a country’s economic development. There is a change in the total population of a country depending on demographic transition. To avoid the effect of the population, per capita GDP is always a better indicator of economic development, rather than the total GDP of the country. Ten African countries are taken randomly to explain their economic development with their per capita GDP and also to show the relationship between the economic development and number of years spent under democracy.
Some of these countries have strong controlling power on free-market economy in democratic governance. The effectiveness of political liberalization brought some significant macroeconomic reform in some countries (Barkan and Gordon). Among these African countries, Angola, Algeria and Namibia had high per capita GDP, which is above $4000 (World Bank). Others were having low per capita GDP. The common finding was the positive rate of growth in GDP (World Bank) for all countries. Nigeria had highest GDP amongst them but depending on its population, the per capita GDP was lower with comparing with Angola, Algeria and Namibia (World Bank). On the other hand, Namibia had very low amount of total GDP but depending on the population, the per capita GDP was showing a high amount. Algeria had the highest GDP growth rate comparing with others. Democratic countries are showing positive rate of growth of per capita GDP. It can be noticed that those countries with early democratization have lower per capita GDP (World Bank).
There is a relationship between democracy and economic development that both moves in the same direction for a country. These two aspects are mutually related with each other (Barkan, Gordon). However, countries with longer