However, of all the political systems, it is widely argued that democracy is best suited to ensure both peace and the fulfillment of human rights. The question is now posed: do we need democracy to ensure human rights and peace? This paper shall outline the relationship between peace, human rights and democracy. It shall explain the contradictions which are detailed above, and critically evaluate the perceived weakness of democracy.
Peace, human rights and democracy are often in close relations with each other (Frowein, 2006). The tenets of democracy are very much based on the peaceful relations of the people. An analysis by Savir, (2008, p. 202) sets forth that peace is a prerequisite to democracy. When people are beset by conflicts, they also have little initiative in engaging in participatory democracy. However, in times of peace, “societies are receptive to regional and international relationships that allow pluralist ideas to penetrate” (Savir, 2008, p. 202). Furthermore, when the borders of nations are open, open economies also ensue – and later they create cooperation, tolerance and peace among nations. When peaceful relations are installed in any society, more political improvements and economic reforms can be implemented (Savir, 2008, p. 202).
Peace is not dependent on the establishment of a democratic form of government. The elements of democracy which include the participation of the grassroots citizens as well as the local government units are important elements which are essential in order to ensure a peaceful nation – even if that nation is not necessarily a democratic one (Savir, 2008, p. 202). A peace which is built on the grassroots level can be easily implemented and nurtured by the people because it comes from their initiative. “This citizen’s peace will encourage the support and the participation of the people, leading to the democratization of peace and