Any act, which goes against the laws made by the government, or any action taken by an individual that goes beyond the boundaries of any specific law is known as a crime. Today, the crime rate in almost every country has…
There exist such measures, which have proved to be very useful for personal security. Some of the widely used methods of private security include security alarms, door obstacles, fences, and closed circuit televisions. Hess (2009, p.3) asserts, “Private security meets the needs of individuals, businesses, institutions and organizations that require more protection than is offered by public police officers”.
Before going into the discussion regarding crime reduction/ prevention and using closed circuit televisions to effectively reduce the crime rate, let us get a better understanding of what crime prevention actually is. Crime prevention is an attempt to either prevent the crimes or decrease the level of criminal acts in any specific area or a country. Hayes (1997) found that crime prevention involves design and deploying of protective people, processes, and strategies. These strategies are implemented in various judicial and extra judicial settings. The main goal of any crime prevention strategy is not only to secure the lives and properties of the public but also to eliminate those reasons, which act as the root cause for any sort of unlawful activity. Crime prevention is extremely important for the safety and security of the public. Reducing the risk of victimization is one of the basic objectives of crime prevention. Tilley (2005) found that crime prevention means to reduce the crime rate and event disorders through implementation of effective crime prevention strategies.
Crime rate decreases in a country when the government of that country takes appropriate steps to prevent or reduce the risk of victimization by reducing the crime opportunities for the criminals. If we want to reduce the level of crime rate, we must implement a well-planned crime prevention strategy. Citizens of a country should not just rely on the services provided by the public police. They should also take proper security ...
It is thought that by imposing punishment through a clearly written law, people will be deterred from committing crimes and their acts will be shaped according to a desired behavior that will produce an efficient society. Its efficacy as deterrence to crime, however, has been debated for its conception since the 1700s by moral philosophers such as Cesare Beccaria and Jeremy Bentham.
In this case, people have developed a perception towards CCTV, whereby it is considered a technique through which a formal surveillance can be conducted, thereby enhancing or replacing the need for security personnel. This research will focus on CCTV gathering ideas from different sources in order to support claims indicating that CCTV has facilitated development of significant and enviable effect on security (Welsh and Farrington, 2).
Thompson, .P. B (2004). The embodiments behind the surveillance connotes the illusion that individuals have not been so concern about surveillance despite the impeccable evidence that surveillance harbors psychologically, morally, socially and even economical detriments.
cusation is made of, say, sexual abuse, violence against women, or profanity in the schools, it should be followed by immediate arrest of the alleged perpetrator, even if the accusation was made anonymously. This principle, in effect, reverses the burden of proof. The
During this time, an injurer would offer a payment to his victim a certain amount of money which they negotiated in order for the victim to avoid revenging. Every civilisation and country has had to recognize and define crime within their own value
Thus in the beginning of XX century social crime prevention was a dominant theoretical background of crime prevention. This approach is considered in detail on the example of the Chicago School further on.
In the beginning of 80s crime
of reported city crimes, Mac Donald (2012) highlighted that the crime rate in New York was relatively low at 2,257 per 100,000 residents as compared to Boston’s 4,107 per 100,000 residents and High Point’s 5,212 per 100,000 residents.
Due to the fact that the rate of
of the biggest US networks; prompting civil liberties groups to voice strong concerns –whereas New York has cameras increasingly installed on both businesses, public transit systems as well as even high-end places of residences. The United Kingdom is amongst the most
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