Article 10 of the League Covenant required a pledge that all the Nations in the League come to help one another in case of an attack against any of them. The lack of a clause that such action could only be materialized through a unanimous vote of the council infuriated the Senate. Clearly the only solution was to stay away from any European conspiracy and conclude a separate peace with Germany. While Wilson’s Fourteen Points forced Germany to sign a blank check as an account for the damages of the War, they had to go through an inevitable bout of isolationism, which could have resulted in the rise of Hitler and the II World War. Moreover the major European nations like Britain, France and Italy felt that Wilson’s view of the League of Nations may affect their national interests – thus impeding his vision of a World Parliament. The Senate’s opposition was based mostly on its fear that the situation will lead to other major European conflicts, which was not at all unfounded. Moreover, America as a nation had an isolationist stance at that time, never wanting to get involved in international political turmoil. The Senate wanted to be left alone and not be dragged into the new world order. They were strongly against the Versailles Treaty and refused to ratify
The Treaty of Versailles, signed on June 28, 1919, was the result of a negotiation of the “Big Four” – Woodrow Wilson, British Prime Minister David Lloyd George, French Premier Georges Clemenceau and Vittorio Orlando of Italy. The Treaty faced opposition from the United…
World War I. The assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand the apparent heir to the throne of Austria by Gavrilo Princip of a Serbian terrorist group called Black Hand in Sarajevo sparked the Great War (Stone, 2009). The war was fought in 1914 - 1918 and involved all European nations through numerous alliances that had been formed before the assassination on the 28 June 1914.
The war which ‘made the world safe for democracy,’ was caused by a myriad of complex issues but was initially instigated by the signing of the Versailles Treaty at the end of WWI on June 28, 1919. In essence, the treaty was intended as punishment dealt out by the allies to Germany as retribution for its unprovoked aggressive military actions.
France suffered the most during the World War I. It underwent immense monetary damage and lost millions of its youth, because almost all the fighting on the western fronts had taken place in France. France had also suffered invasion from Germany in 1870, therefore France wanted to weaken Germany in every possible way so that the country could feel secure from the German borders.
World War I. There are four major causes of World War I. They are alliances, imperialism, militarism, and nationalism. The term alliance means the agreement between two countries to help each other if needed. As Tucker notes in his book World War I: A - D., Volume 1, the period between 1879 and 1914 witnessed a number of alliances.
There is a common agreement among the researchers that the responsibility for the outbreak of the Second World War rests almost solely with Hitler and his ideology of Nazism. While this point of view relies on abundant historic evidence and can hardly be questioned, it must also be remembered that despite numerous restrictions imposed by the Versailles Treaty Germany managed to accumulate huge military and economic potential within only two decades.
Another technique that Hitler and his Nazi colleagues used was a program of speeches and gatherings. Hitler notes in his introduction to “Mein Kampf: “I know that fewer people are won over by the written word than by the spoken word and that every great movement on
The Treaty was preceded by the conference of 27 states, opened in Paris on January 18, 1919, which destined the fate of Germany without its participation.The German government of the Weimar Republic hoped for a peace treaty with some territorial losses and reasonable war indemnity. But the Treaty exceeded their worst expectations.
For a treaty to achieve long-lasting effects, it has to be fair on both conflicting sides. This would have been the case if the Versailles treaty had its basis on the proposed objectives by Woodrow Wilson. Woodrows
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