These concerns require different attention and skills than counseling a male inmate.
The counselor may choose to utilize a different counseling theory when working with female abused inmates in comparison to male inmates. In addition women with children are often grieving the loss of the mothering responsibility. The counselor must help the client deal with this loss and focus on interventions that can be employed once the woman returns to society.
Through effective risking the counselor helps the client deal with his/her environment while incarcerations. The incarceration may be the presenting problem when an inmate comes to a counselor in a correctional setting. However, in many situations there may be other problems underneath the surface that are impairing the inmate.
The intended therapeutic outcome focuses on the goals set (short and long term) for the client in the correctional facility. The counselor utilizes strategies such as modeling behaviors to demonstrate behaviors. Through this interaction the client learns how to deal with situations. However, counselors can demonstrate counter-transference. The specific crime the inmate committed may affect the way the counselor feels about the client. Although counselors often deal with their feelings of counter transference, these feelings can affect the outcome of the client. The lack of resources in an incarceration setting may present challenges for the counselors role in rehabilitating the client. Many incarceration facilities utilize educational and recreational programs in hopes of assisting in the rehabilitation process.
Further differentiations of counselors in the criminal justice system include probation and parole officers. Both of these types of counselors play an important role in managing the client. Probation officers are utilized when the individual has not been sentenced to jail time but to probation. Parole officers are utilized when the