Following are the activities mentioned for every age group based upon the stages of psychological development.
As during this stage children are developing a sense of trust so it is the responsibility of the caregivers especially the mother to treat the infant with loving and warmth feeling and build the sense of trust in the child (About.com, 2010). Lack of reliability and care would lead to mistrust and a feeling of worthlessness. As a huge emphasis is given upon visual contact and touch so the best activity for a 18 month infant would be “Stacking toys and playing with the infant with that toys.” As the caregiver would be playing along with the child this would help to creative a feeling of affection and would built trust between you and the child (Harder, 2009).
During this period of time the child is at the beginning of learning stage as he or she starts going to school and it is the time when the child enters the real world on his own. The child is confronted to begin taking actions and has to carry them out. The child starts copying the adults during this stage. They make up stories and starts exploring the word “WHY.” (Harder, 2009) Therefore it is important for the parents and family to praise their activities and actions which would build a confidence in them. In contrast the child who fails to complete their tasks and is not motivated too leads them to a feeling of guilt in them which lowers their self esteem (Navid, 2009). The best activity for this stage should be “Kitchen Play” in which the kitchen utensils and a small built in kitchenette would be provided to the children and they would play in groups and they would cook and serve the imaginative food to you and it’s the adult’s responsibility to appreciate and praise them so in this activity the children would know the importance of team work and they would have a sense of purpose (About.com, 2010).
It is the stage when the child is in preschool and is involved