From a Western point of view, the medical model of health is concentrated or focused on the prevention and eradication of illnesses through accurate diagnosis and the use of some chemical treatments known as drugs. In this regard, the traditional medical model of health is based…
This health model is based on a medical scientific paradigm that emphasizes a restoration of health to a state of general well-being and the key word is recovery (Lyng, 1990:100).
On the other hand, the social model of health emphasizes the prevention measures that can be made on society as a whole that will promote overall well-being in a certain population by making some changes in the lifestyles of people. In other words, the social model of health looks at the social causes of diseases and examines how the breakdown in social systems can be contributory to the outbreak and spread of diseases (Earle, 2007:55). The large-scale health projects commonly adopted by governments to eradicate certain diseases embrace this social model of health by trying to change a whole citys or even an entire countrys population. This latest concept to sweep among public health policy makers compares societal breakdowns as the primary cause of diseases within society. A good example would be social and economic inequalities which contribute to the poor health of certain segments of society such as ethnic or minority groups which do not have access to proper medical care services.
The medical model of health is concerned mainly with the health of an individual and this is more or less in terms of physical health. This model takes a narrower view of the health of the individual in terms of physiological or biological changes as determined by a diagnosis. On the other hand, the social model of health takes an encompassing view of the health of the entire society and is a multi-disciplinary endeavour ranging from surveillance and detection of diseases in a population (epidemiology) to the promotion of public health through a provision of relevant health advice and timely health information.
As such, the social model of health acquires greater significance in terms of promotion of the economic well-being of a nation as well. ...
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The biomedical model insists that the health of an individual is affected when a disease, which implies specific malfunctions of the human body, affects the individual. The biomedical model is more practical when compared to the socio medical model of health (Derick, 2004).
American citizens are basically categorized into several groups with regard to provision of health services. That is it captures all citizens regardless of their economic state whether employed or not, a civilian or a military veteran and also private sectors.
Health care is broadly based on two models of health - the medical and the social model. Medical model of health is essentially, what an average person relates to and expects when visiting a health care practitioner after having developed the signs and symptoms of an illness.
The medical model of health gazes at person’s physical functioning and describes bad health and illness as the presence of disease and ill symptoms as a consequence of physical causes such as injury or infections and does not consider social and psychological factors. On the other hand the social model of health glances at society.
Therefore, the challenge for the coming years will likely be to fully realise the potential for health promotion inherent in many sectors of society, among local communities, and within families. The ability to effectively cope with this challenge will largely depend on the extent to which modern health professionals are aware of the whole range of factors, both overt and covert, that influence human health and affect effectiveness of efforts intended to improve health of individuals and populations.
Nolar Pender came up with health promotion model that hunts the possible reasons that influence behaviors through motivation. It aims to improve the health of the community as a whole and not limited to individuals.
The health belief model is used in the prediction and explanation of human behavior. Using it, one can predict the patient’s readiness to change. Therefore, it explores the client's readiness to change, the client's perception toward needing to change, and the clients perceived benefits to the health change.
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