Damage to the Broca’s area can cause severe aphasia or difficulty in speech. An element through which Broca’s aphasia can be treated is a technique known as the Response elaboration training. This essay would further discuss the etiology of Broca’s aphasia along with its option of treatment in adult patients (Guyton & Hall 2011; Fazio et al 2009).
Aphasia generally describes a condition in which an individual has impaired language skills. It can occur due to damage to the regions of the brain which are responsible for language. Broca’s area is a non fluent type of aphasia which occurs in the frontal lobe of the brain. In this type of aphasia the individuals are not able to speak whole words or they have difficulty speaking them. In this type of aphasia some motor movements of the individual are also affected because the frontal lobe is also affected. Commonly aphasia occurs due to accidents which harm the structures in the brain, a tumor in the brain, infection of the brain and dementia. It is because of these problems that the sensory pathways do not transmit the signals properly and hence aphasia occurs (Guyton & Hall 2011; LaPointe 2005).
Broca’s aphasia is characterized by problems in speaking or writing language. It is also called motor aphasia, expressive aphasia or non-fluent aphasia. The individuals are not able to speak fluently and hence have difficulties in making up sentences. The individuals face difficulties when speaking up full words. The individuals are not able to make up sense with their sentences. For example individuals would just use two words such as ‘glass, table, where the individual tries to say that the glass is on the table. (Fazio, 2009).
At first it was believed that Broca’s aphasia was only associated with language comprehension but recent research suggests that it also affects other portions of cognition through which individuals cannot perform and understand actions properly (Grafton et al 1996;