Although this concept was initially used by the medical school of thought, today it is widely employed in the field of nursing education also. As scholars point out, problem based learning can be very effective in nursing education because this concept is capable of enhancing patient safety. This paper will discuss a nursing situation where problem based learning activity is performed to develop problem solving and critical thinking skills. The paper will also analyze how this type of study design can be applied to teaching practice. Problem Based Learning (PBL) The article ‘Problem solving strategies used by RN to BSN students in an online problem based learning course’ written by Oldenburg and Hung (2010) illustrates that elements of problem based learning process including ‘active learning, analysis and synthesis, collaboration, and learning in the context’ can significantly contribute to the development of problem solving and critical thinking skills in nursing students. The major purpose of this article is to gain understanding of students’ problems solving experiences in an online problem based learning environment. The article gives particular focus to various problem solving strategies used by students and changes identified in those strategies throughout the semester. The authors conduct this study based on the problem based learning and the community of inquiry models. The community of inquiry model outlines the essential elements of higher education success in an online environment such as social presence, teaching presence, and cognitive presence (Oldenburg & Hung). In this research work, a qualitative-case study approach was employed to obtain extensive information and deep understanding of various problem solving strategies chosen by a group of learners in a problem based learning course. RN to BSN nursing students, enrolled in an online pathophysiology course were the participants in this study. Under this study, each group of students were asked to identify the patient’s primary condition and relevant pathophysiology and to make decisions in order to assess the problem solving strategies used by students. The research findings indicated that problem solving is a dynamic process, and students change their strategies between the phases rather than continuing their work in a sequential manner. According to Oldenburg and Hung, the problem based learning activities really assist students to effectively deal with processes like problem recognition, information gathering, construction of meaning, and problem resolution. Cooper and Carver (2012) assert that the problem based learning can greatly aid students to define each problem using their past experiences and knowledge. It was observed that students analyzed the problem information to determine which information was to form a good understanding of the problem. Using their previous experiences, students could easily recognize relevant facts and the additional information required to diagnose the problem. The authors opine that the most advantageous feature of this problem based learning activity is that students can identify their own knowledge gaps. Referring to Cooper and Carver, under the problem based learning approach, students used their past experiences to guide research with the help of shared information obtained from textbooks, scholarly articles, and other online resources. In addition to gathering
Problem-based Learning (PBL) Problem-based Learning (PBL) Introduction Problem based learning is a student centered learning process where students learn about a particular subject on the basis of their problem solving experiences rather than theoretical concepts…
According to the new reflective practice models, a practitioner should keep learning as a prime focus and should add to it based on results from current practice in the field (Albanese et al, 2008). Reflective practice can be seen as the development and consolidation of a capacity to reflect on various actions.
A novice in the field if supported and guided through the course of his or her initial phases has the prospects of becoming a leader in the field and also be able to mentor other novices in future. Donning the role of a mentor in healthcare profession is seen as privilege as it is seen to provide one with the opportunity to guide and steer the future of service provided in the field (Hawkins and Fontenot, 2010).
Students which displayed consistently higher than average ability in any of these three were from the average learners and placed in gifted education programs which focused on challenging them and nurturing their abilities (Tannenbaum, 1997). Students who excelled in special education programs were, according to Persson, Joswog and Balogh (1997), once again, separated from their above average co-learners and placed in programs designed for geniuses.
Problem Based Learning is efficient and effective mode of conveying the medical education in rational, comprehensive programs, the newly introduced technique has several advantages over traditional methods of teaching. The modified version of learning that emphasis more on problem solving has certain objectives attached to it, firstly the technique desires further motivation of student's learning capabilities, and provide them with an opportunity to exercise them in easy manner, after having studied the problem itself.
The development of the HAS model is based on a social reality context; the categorical reflection of the problem based learning (PBL) in a given organization that includes for instance stratums of students. The spontaneous changes of the social class have spearheaded enhanced consensus building continuously.
According to the report psychologists and philosophers have always been fascinated by the process of learning and have developed theories and models of learning. Behaviourist, cognitive and constructivist models of learning have formed the basis of instructional designs, through course of the history of education.
The development of the HAS model is based on a social reality context; the categorical reflection of the problem based learning (PBL) in a given organization that includes for instance stratums of students. The spontaneous changes of the social class have spearheaded
This ethnographic study took place on a trauma unit in the United Kingdom between November 2004 and January 2006. Sixteen periods of observation, qualitative interviews with 40 patients and 19 staff, and four