The main contents of the paper discussed will be summed up in the conclusion given at the end. Purpose of the study The main purpose of the study was to investigate how traumatic childbirth impacted on the mothers who experienced this situation. In this case, traumatic child birth has been categorised into two segments namely: emotional and physical trauma. In most cases, mothers often undergo unprecedented traumatic experiences during child birth. Somehow, as the study sought to explore, the mothers who often experience this kind of trauma face problems with regards to breastfeeding their children. It is naturally believed that “nothing in the world is more satisfying and healthy for a newborn than its mother’s milk,” (Lothrop, 1995, p.1). However, due to difficult experiences often encountered by some mothers during childbirth, they often fail to give their babies this special gift. In the same vein, Thompson et al (ND, p. 2) suggest that the decrease in Australian breastfeeding rates and the increase in women experiencing breastfeeding complications can be attributed to nipple pain and trauma. The authors in this study conclude that this trend “disrupts the mother-baby union and contributes to the complexities experienced by contemporary breastfeeding women.” However, women who overcome their hurdles with breastfeeding are often strengthened in a way that helps to enrich the quality of their relationships with their children. As such, the study by Beck & Watson (2008) sought to explore the measures that can be implemented by clinicians in order to address post natal traumatic experiences in affected mothers for the betterment of their children. This is very important in as far as healthy development and growth of the child is concerned. Method chosen in the study The researchers chose the phenomenological research method to carry out their study concerned with investigating the essence of women’s breast-feeding experiences after a traumatic childbirth. In general research, this method is used for both interpretive and descriptive studies. In other words, the study will be particularly concerned about giving a vivid description of the problem being investigated in order to come up with reliable answers to the research question. To a larger extent, this research method is good especially to studies of this nature that are descriptive in nature. As noted, the participants were supposed to describe their experiences and this is a reliable way of obtaining information from the participants who will give first hand information. The other reason why this method is good is that it is free from bias since the participants will narrate or describe what they experienced. This helps the researcher to interpret the information such that it can be presented in a meaningful way that can help to provide answers to the research question. Alternative method that could be used The research question for the study is: What is the essence of women’s breast-feeding experiences after a traumatic childbirth? In order to answer this research question, a simple descriptive research design can be used as an alternative. This is meant to count representative samples and make inferences about the whole population. In this case, the sample could be expanded from 52 participants to about hundred so as to enable the researchers to have a wide pool of information that can help in
Introduction This paper has been designed to critically analyse a research study by Beck & Watson (2008) entitled ‘Impact of birth trauma on breast-feeding: A tale of two pathways.’ The paper is divided into different categories which seek to critically analyse the following: Purpose for the study, Method, Ethical issues and Biases, Effect on nursing practice and conclusion…
Breast milk is the optimum feed for the baby and has several advantages both for the mother and the baby (AAP, 2010). Infact, research has shown that human breast milk is the best food for newborn babies. However, in certain situations and due to some circumstances, babies are frequently given formula feeds, drawing the attention of the health professionals to consider about the benefits and disadvantages of the formula feeds when compared to breast feeds.
To worship my country as a god is to bring a curse upon it.” According to me, this statement forms a reflection of Tagore’s intention to create the Santiniketan community that promoted the ideals of cosmopolitanism that worked against the ethnic forces of Hindu Nationalism.
Breastfeeding is recommended for the first six months as the exclusive method of feeding the infant. After the first six months, breastfeeding can be accompanied by solid food as well as the use of infant formulas. Breastfeeding is recommended for up to two years or more.
Breast-feeding is the situation in which the baby or the infants obtain milk food directly from their mother’s breasts without giving any additional external food, solid or liquid (Wolf, 2010). Breast-feeding is encouraged for a non-stop period of six months after birth, this is according to the Word Heath Organization (WHO).
With so many varying opinions, theories and individual experiences on the subject, how do you make an educated choice about which is best for both you and your baby? Perhaps the best way to get started is to actually describe the theories and professional advice available on both methods, in order to make an informed decision.
There are many controversies today surrounding the nutritional and overall health benefits of breastfeeding vs. Formula bottle feeding. The breast milk formulas contain similar nutrients, but formulas are not an exact copy of breast milk, which raises the question of equality for the methods of feeding.
The phenomenon of interest is on the research for the basis of birth trauma in mothers which has been acknowledged; although a bit indistinctly. It has been stated, that no presumptions were taken in regard when carrying out the research. Indeed, it is a necessity that the research is carried out in the qualitative format; as the phenomena is studied little in regard to the human behavior.
Childhood obesity and overweight are a matter of concern because of the potential health problems they are associated with like hypertension, type-2 diabetes, respiratory ailments, orthopedic problems, trouble sleeping and depression (Noller and Paulk, 2005).
However definition is further subdivided into exclusive breastfeeding, predominant breastfeeding, full breastfeeding, complementary breastfeeding and bottle-feeding. Variance of definitions allows a more complete description of any potential obstacle to the maternal/child interactive physiology of breastfeeding (Labbok, 2003).
While they were young, they witnessed a community dominated by violence and drugs. Their upbringing taught them that respect could only be earned through violence. At a younger age, the teen teenage boys started engaging in hard drug abuse which in turn
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